Women and the Law in Ancient Athens

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What did Athenian law of marriage prohibit?
It prohibited Athenian citizens to marry foreigners.
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What did the Periclean citizenship law state?
A child would be of citizen status only if both parents were citizens.
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Why did the father present his new born boy to the phratry?
It was to prove that the boy was legitimate.
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What might happen if the child was not presented to the phratry?
Failure to present a legitimate born citizen boy to the phratry might give rise to question, and later prejudice his registration with the deme.
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What would an Athenian boy do on his 18th birthday?
He would appear before the deme and seek registration sponsored by his father or legal guardian.
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What were the laws on women?
Women and girls were to be educated at home, and were to be taught how to become good mothers and prudent housewives, how to count, and in some households how to read and write.
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When should the woman's citizen status be known to?
Family only and not in public.
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What was the role of the kyrios or guardian concerning Athenian women?
Athenian law requires and assumed a woman to be under the control and protection of a kyrios/guardian who was responsible for her safety and well being, and acted on her behalf anytime she needed legal contact with the outside world.
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Why was the dowry introduced?
the daughter would have a share of the family's wealth, the father could ask for the dowry and his daughter to be returned at anytime, the wife would have a financial stake with her new family, the groom would be motivated to keep his wife happy,
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What about the laws of inheritance without a male heir?
The daughter was the logical heir, but this created a serious problem, for it meant the end of the father's line and passing of his property into another family.
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What does the term oikos mean?
Every Athenian that belongs in a household, e.g. land, home, family, slaves, cousins.
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What would happen if the woman became the epikleros, e.g. the daughter of Ciron?
She did not inherit property, but the property would be transferred to someone appropriate and was obligated to marry her father's closest male heir.
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Why did men fear the possibility of divorce?
If a man divorced his wife, he had to return the dowry to the bride's father
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Did women have the same rights as men to get a divorce?
No- she had to find an archon (Athenian official) and provide good reasons for it. It was shameful for a woman to divorce her husband.
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What were the laws of adultery?
If a woman had committed adultery, the husband had to divorce his wife and he did not have to return the dowry.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did the Periclean citizenship law state?

Back

A child would be of citizen status only if both parents were citizens.

Card 3

Front

Why did the father present his new born boy to the phratry?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What might happen if the child was not presented to the phratry?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What would an Athenian boy do on his 18th birthday?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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