LIVY'S FOUNDATION MYTHS (1st CENTURY BC/AD) - Women In Rome

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OPPIAN LAW: What does CATO say is the reason that men are having difficulty with them now?
Because they have not "CONTAINED THE INDIVIDUALS"
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OPPIAN LAW: What are the women accused of doing in the streets?
"SPEAKING TO OTHER WOMEN'S HUSBANDS"
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OPPIAN LAW: What does CATO think about the laws and women?
That they shouldn't "CONCERN YOURSELVES WITH WHAT LAWS ARE PASSED OR REPEALED HERE"
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OPPIAN LAW: What does CATO say about their "ANCESTORS"?
That they didn't want women to do any business without a "GUARDIAN" ("PARENTS, BROTHERS OR HUSBANDS")
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OPPIAN LAW: What does CATO think women want "IN ALL THINGS"?
"WANT FREEDOM"
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OPPIAN LAW: What does CATO threaten will happen if they repeal the law?
"AS SOON AS THEY BEGIN TO BE YOUR EQUALS, THEY WILL HAVE BECOME YOUR SUPERIORS"
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OPPIAN LAW: Who created the Oppian Law and when?
Gaius Oppius during the height of the Punic war
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OPPIAN LAW: What is the Oppian Law? (3 things)
1)"NO WOMAN MIGHT OWN MORE THAN HALF AN OUNCE OF GOLD" 2) "NOR WEAR A MULTICOLOURED DRESS" 3)"NOR RIDE IN A CARRIAGE IN THE CITY OR IN A TOWN WITHIN A MILE OF IT UNLESS THERE WAS A RELIGIOUS FESTIVAL"
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OPPIAN LAW: Who were LUCIUS VALERIUS and MARCUS FUNDANIUS?
Tribunes that were for the repeal of the Oppian Law
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OPPIAN LAW: What 5 things does VALERIUS say women appeared in public for the "PUBLIC GOOD"?
1) When the "CAPITOLINE" had been taken by the "SABINES" there was fighting in the forum and this was "HALTED" by the "WOMEN'S INTERVENTION"
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OPPIAN LAW: 5 Things (part 2)
2) When the "KINGS HAD BEEN EXPELLED" and the "VOLSCIAN LEGIONS" pitched camp nearby the "MATRONS" turned "AWAY THE FORCES WHICH WOULD HAVE BURNED THE CITY"
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OPPIAN LAW: 5 Things (part 3 and 4)
3) When Rome was in the "HANDS OF THE GAULS", they agreed to "TURN THEIR GOLD OVER TO THE PUBLIC NEED" 4) In the "MOST RECENT WAR" the "WIDOWS" money assisted the "TREASURY"
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OPPIAN LAW: 5 Things (part 5)
5) When the "NEW GODS" were summoned to "BRING THEIR POWER TO OUR DIFFICULTIES", the matrons went to the sea to "MEET THE IDAEAN MOTHER"
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OPPIAN LAW: What does VALERIUS say created the law in response to CATO's speech?
"POVERTY AND MISFORTUNE WERE THE AUTHORS OF THAT LAW OF YOURS" not to control women like CATO believes
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OPPIAN LAW: What does VALERIUS think about holding power over women?
He thinks they still ought to 1)"HOLD THEM IN MARITAL POWER AND GUARDIANSHIP, NOT SLAVERY" 2) men should prefer being called "FATHERS AND HUSBANDS TO MASTERS" 3) more power a man possesses the more "MODERATELY YOU SHOULD EXERCISE YOUR AUTHORITY"
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SABINE WOMEN: What was the festival that ROMULUS invited the villages to?
The "CONSUALIA" games in honour of "EQUESTRIAN NEPTUNE"
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SABINE WOMEN: What three villages did the women generally come from?
"CAENINA", "CRUSTUMINUM" and "ANTEMNAE"
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SABINE WOMEN: Where does the story say the "MOST BEAUTIFUL" woman was taken?
She was taken to "THALASSIUS" which is where the nuptial cry comes from
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SABINE WOMEN: What did ROMULUS first explain to the women?
That this would not have happened if their "FATHERS HADN'T BEEN SO INFLEXIBLE" in letting them marry them
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SABINE WOMEN: What 3 things does ROMULUS say the women will get now they have the "STATUS OF WIVES"?
1) "MATERIAL REWARDS" 2) "CIVIL RIGHTS OF CITIZENSHIP 3) "CHILDREN, THAN WHICH NOTHING IS DEARER"
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SABINE WOMEN: What does ROMULUS say the women should do to be treated by their husbands with "EXTRA KINDNESS"?
They should "GIVE THEIR HEARTS TO THE MEN WHO HAD ALREADY TAKEN THEIR BODIES" because "A GOOD RELATIONSHIP OFTEN BEGINS WITH AN OFFENCE"
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SABINE WOMEN: What did the men say had motivated them which was "VERY EFFECTIVE WITH WOMEN"?
"MOTIVATED BY LOVE AND PASSION, ENTREATIES WHICH ARE VERY EFFECTIVE WITH WOMEN"
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LUCRETIA: Who were the men involved?
SEXTUS TARQUINIUS and TARQUINIUS COLLATINUS
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LUCRETIA: Where were they and what were they doing when their conversation turned to wives?
They were "DRINKING" at SEXTUS TARQUINIUS' house
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LUCRETIA: Where did they find SEXTUS TARQUINIUS' wife?
"BANQUETING WITH THEIR FRIENDS" (the "DAUGHTERS-IN-LAW OF THE KING")
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LUCRETIA: Where did TARQUINIUS COLLATINUS find his wife Lucretia?
In COLLATIA in the "ATRIUM OF THE HOUSE, WITH ONLY HER MAIDSERVANTS, WORKING AT HER WOOL BY LAMPLIGHT"
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LUCRETIA: When did SEXTUS TARQUINIUS become "POSSESSED" by the idea of "****** LUCRETIA"?
When she "GRACIOUSLY INVITED" the men to dine after greeting her husband
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LUCRETIA: What did he bring with him to Lucretia's room?
His "SWORD DRAWN"
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LUCRETIA: How did SEXTUS TARQUINIUS first try to persuade Lucretia?
With a combination of "ENTREATIES AND THREATS" but the "FEAR OF DEATH" was having no effect
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LUCRETIA: What did SEXTUS TARQUINIUS threaten that worked?
"THAT OF DISHONOUR" - he said he would put a dead slave with his throat cut next to her corpse to make it look like they had been killed in "AN ACT OF ADULTERY" and so his lust "TRIUMPHED OVER HER TENACIOUS CHASTITY"
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LUCRETIA: Who did Lucretia send for after the ordeal?
She sent for her Father and her Husband and each one was allowed to bring a "TRUSTED FRIEND"
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LUCRETIA: What does Lucretia insist?
that only her "BODY WAS VIOLATED, MY MIND IS INNOCENT" and that "FROM NOW ON, NO WOMAN CAN USE THE EXAMPLE OF LUCRETIA TO LIVE UNCHASTE"
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CLOELIA: Who was Cloelia?
She was one of 10 girl hostages along with 10 boy hostages given to the ETRUSCAN CAMP in a treaty with Rome
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CLOELIA: What did she do?
She "ELUDED THE GUARDS" and "SWAM THE TIBER" "AMIDST A RAIN OF ENEMY SPEARS" leading a group of girls and then "RESTORED THEM TO THEIR FAMILIES" in Rome
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CLOELIA: What was the King's reaction?
First he was "FURIOUS" and sent EMISSARIES to Rome to get her back (didn't care about others), but then it turned to "ADMIRATION"
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CLOELIA: Who did the King compare her to?
"GREATER THAN THAT OF A COCLES OR A MUCIUS"
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CLOELIA: What did the King do and why?
Although the treaty was broken, he "RETURNED HER UNHARMED" because he "RESPECTED HER COURAGE" and "PRAISED THE GIRL" and gave her half the hostages
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CLOELIA: Which hostages did Cloelia pick and why?
She picked the boys "THE APPROPRIATE CHOICE FOR HER YOUNG AGE" because they were at the greatest risk of harm by the enemy
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CLOELIA: How did the Romans reward this "ACT OF COURAGE - NEW IN A WOMAN"?
With an "EQUESTRIAN STATUE" at the top of the "VIA SACRA"
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

OPPIAN LAW: What are the women accused of doing in the streets?

Back

"SPEAKING TO OTHER WOMEN'S HUSBANDS"

Card 3

Front

OPPIAN LAW: What does CATO think about the laws and women?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

OPPIAN LAW: What does CATO say about their "ANCESTORS"?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

OPPIAN LAW: What does CATO think women want "IN ALL THINGS"?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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