WJEC SOCIOLOGY - Studying Society

  • Created by: evie-sd
  • Created on: 21-11-17 11:53
Ways of ensuring people behave in socially acceptable ways, such as socialisation, laws, exercise of power
Social Control
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Where a group of people share common norms, values and beliefs.
Culture
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A smaller group of people who share norms, values and beliefs that are different from the main culture.
Subculture
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The process of learning norms, values and beliefs. This can be primary or secondary
Socialisation
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A term that suggests differences in culture, nationality, skin colour etc. are biological.
race
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A term that refers to differences in culture but is not based on biology – this is about social differences.
Ethnicity
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A term referring the biological categories of male and female, as defined by genes, chromosomes and hormones
sex
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A term referring to the social categories of masculine and feminine, which are usually related to the biological categories of male and female due to stereotyping and gender role socialisation.
Gender
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The process of aging is biological, but there are sociological points to make about this (for example, children are treated differently to adults, the mass media tend to present negative stereotypes of older people etc.)
Age
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A ‘typical’ image of a person based on social categories such as gender, age, ethnicity, family position, job etc
Stereotype
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Acting in a way that goes against a culture’s norms, values and beliefs
Deviance
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Ways to act and behave that are seen as ‘normal’ within a culture / subculture
Norms
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The things that a culture / subculture believes are important (eg. earning a living, owning a house).
Values
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The things that a culture / subculture believes in (God, the innocence of children etc.)
Beliefs
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The condition of having too little income to buy the necessities-- food, shelter, clothing, health care.
AbsolutePoverty
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A formal definition of what is being studied.
concept
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form of political organization in which power resides with the people and is exercised by them
Democracy
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The unequal and unfair treatment of individuals or groups on the basis of some irrelevant characteristic, such as race, ethnicity, religion, sex, or social class.
Discrimination
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The process, in school or beyond, of transmitting a society's knowledge, skills, values, and behaviors
Education
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The arrangement of positions in a rank order, with those below reporting to those above.
Hierachy
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The sum of money wages and salaries (earnings) plus income other than earnings.
Income
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A theory of deviance that focuses on the process by which some people are labeled deviant by other people (and thus take on deviant identities) rather than on the nature of the behavior itself.
Labelling Theory
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Where a group of people share common norms, values and beliefs.

Back

Culture

Card 3

Front

A smaller group of people who share norms, values and beliefs that are different from the main culture.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The process of learning norms, values and beliefs. This can be primary or secondary

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

A term that suggests differences in culture, nationality, skin colour etc. are biological.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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