Wildlife and Ecology

Define Ecology:
The study of relationships between plants, animals, people and their environment. As well as the balances between these relationships.
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Define an Ecosystem:
All the plants and animals that live in a particular area and the complex relationships that exist between them and their environment
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Define native species and give an example:
A species found in the place they evolved to be (red squirrel / badger)
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Define endemic species and give an example:
A species native to a particular location only (Borneo - Orang-utan)
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Define introduced species and give an example:
Species released by humans to an area not naturally occurring and are not native (Grey Squirrel)
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Define the meaning of naturalised species and give an example:
Any process by which a non- native species spreads into the wild and its reproduction is sufficient to maintain its population (grey squirrel)
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Define resident and give an example:
Lives in the country all year round (badger)
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Define migratory species:
Species that travel long distances often over borders (seasonal)
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Define symbiosis:
Two / more species living together
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Define Mutualism and give an example:
Both organisms benefit (corals and zooxanthellae)
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Define Parasitism and give an example:
1 organism, the parasite, benefits whilst the other (host) is harmed (dog and a tick)
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Define commensalism and give an example:
1 organism benefits whilst the other is neither harmed or benefitted (Remora fish and sharks)
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What is a trophic pyramid?
Shows the (dry) weight of an organism at each level within an ecosystem
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Name 3 important legislations to do with wildlife and ecology:
1). Wildlife & countryside Act 1981; COTES ( Control Of Trade In Endangered Species); CITES (Conservation On International Trade Of Endangered Species).
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Define Population Shifts:
A Change in the Numbers of different groups of individuals making up a population
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Define a Trend:
The direction of change in the number of an animal population
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Define a biome and give an example of one:
The division of ecosystems (freshwater/ salt water)
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Define the meaning of Abiotic and give 2 examples:
The absence of life/ non- living factors (sunlight, temperature)
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Define Speciesism and give an example:
The formation of new species in the process of evolution (Galapagos finches)
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Define the meaning of scales:
The measurement of a species response
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Define individuals:
An individuals response to change
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Define species:
A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes/ interbreeding
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Define communities:
A group of animals living in the same place/ having a common characteristic.
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Define what an ecological niche is:
The fit of a species living under specific environmental conditions/ the species role and its position in its enviornment.
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Define Deme:
Where a group of organisms are geographically isolated and shared similar genetic traits, over time they will become a sub-species
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Define climate change:
A long-term shift in the plants weather pattern or average temp
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Define draught:
Prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water
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Define Famine:
Extreme scarcity of food
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Name 3 legislations relevant to wildlife and ecology
1). Protection of badgers 1992; 2). The Conservation of habitats and species regulations 2010; 3). Wild Mammals (protection) act 1996.
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Define dissolution:
The caseation of the existence of a species (extinction)
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Define dispersal:
The Distribution of a species over a wide area
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Define Fecundity:
The Reproductive rate of a population
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Define Natality:
The ratio of the number of births to the size of the population
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Define seasonality:
Periodic, Repetitive and generally predictable patterns in a species over time
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Define Migration:
Movement of a species from 1 area to another at set seaons
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Define emerging disease:
New diseases which could impact populations
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Define habitat destruction and give an example:
Destruction of a species native habitat (deforestation)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define an Ecosystem:

Back

All the plants and animals that live in a particular area and the complex relationships that exist between them and their environment

Card 3

Front

Define native species and give an example:

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define endemic species and give an example:

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Define introduced species and give an example:

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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