Why did the Bolsheviks win the civil war?

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  • Created by: katewells
  • Created on: 31-05-16 13:49
What was Lenin's secret police called?
Cheka
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What was the aim of the Cheka?
To eliminate political opposition
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When was Lenin shot down in Moscow?
August 1918
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What is totalitarianism?
Absolute control by the state
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When was the treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed?
3rd March 1918
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How did Lenin gain support?
He promised peace, bread and land
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What did Lenin do after October 1917?
He set out to create a one party state
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Who were Lenin's opposing political parties?
Menshiviks, Socialists, Monarchists and Democrats
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After the October Revolution what was the Bolsheviks in charge of?
Moscow and large industrial cities
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How did Lenin deal with opposition?
He created the red army
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Who was the Red army organised by?
Leon Trotsky
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What did Russia give to Germany as a result of the treaty of Brest-Litovsk?
Huge amounts of territory
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How much of Russia's population was lost as a result of the treaty of Brest-Litovsk?
34%
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How much of Russia's agricultural land lost as a result of the treaty of Brest-Litovsk?
32%
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How much of Russia's industry was lost as a result of the treaty of Brest-Litovsk?
54%
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Why did Lenin hope the treaty would be temporary?
That communist revolutions would spread in other countries and Russia would regain land at a later date
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Why was Moscow made the capital city?
The German front line was too close to Petrograd
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Who was the civil war from 1918-21 between?
The Bolsheviks (reds) and those who wanted to overturn the revolution (whites)
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Who were the foreign forces that supported the whites?
France, Britain, Czechoslovakia, Finland and Poland
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How long did it take for the red army to emerge triumphant?
3 years
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Why did the Reds win?
They had a huge army and support of peasants and workers
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Why were the whites unsuccessful?
Disorganised, disunited and were opposed by peasants as the were viewed as the landlord class
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What was war communism?
The Bolsheviks took control of factories, mines, workshops and railways. Workers were forced to work in factories. Grain was taken from the peasants using force. The Bolsheviks took control of the banks. Private trade was not allowed. Food rationing
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Why did the civil war cause supply problems for Lenin?
Used supplies to support army and the whites cut out food,iron and coal
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How was Lenin going to win the civil war?
By controlling all aspects of the economy
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How many businesses had been brought under direct control of the reds?
37,000
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What was controlled by the communists as a result of war communism?
All forms of trade
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Why did war communism fail?
Peasants hid grain, Peasants grew less grain, There were food shortages in towns, The number of goods produced by factories did not increase as a result of War Communism
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the aim of the Cheka?

Back

To eliminate political opposition

Card 3

Front

When was Lenin shot down in Moscow?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is totalitarianism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was the treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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