What led to the downfall of the Tsar

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Russification
System of forcing non-Russian minorities to speak Russian and adopt Russian culture.
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Urban workers
Most were literate, so could translate their grievances
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Tsarist Autocracy
Corrupt; news censored. Political parties banned before 1905. The Tsar was supposed to be sent by God.
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Okhrana- Russian police
Rooted out dissidents and people likely to cause trouble
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Populists
Put their trust in Russian people
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Modernisation
Russia behind the rest of the world. To be a great power in the 20th Century, Russia needed to industrialise.
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Modernisation threatened the Tsar
More educated working classes meant people would challenge the Government. Industrialisation created social tensions when people moved from countryside to cities.
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Sergei Witte's Economic Policy
Negotiated foreign loans and upped taxes so he could put money into helping Russia industrialise
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Socialist Revolutionaries- SRs
Wanted peasant revolution to create socialism based around peasant communes
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Social Democrats- SDs
Wanted urban working classes to stage revolution to go to a Socialist and then Communist state
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Urban workers

Back

Most were literate, so could translate their grievances

Card 3

Front

Tsarist Autocracy

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Okhrana- Russian police

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Populists

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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