What was the religious situation in 1603?

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What kind of a religious country had Elizabeth left behind?
Protestant with the Church under the supreme governor - the monarch, and little opposition.
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How was the Church run?
by bishops, archdeacons an deans. Its doctrine was enshrined in the 39 Articles which stated what the Church believed
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What did James like about the English Church?
It was clearly structured, information could be passed to the people through bishops to parish priests to the congregations. It accepted the DROK ida as James as the head of the Church.
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What was the Erastian view?
that the state should govern the Church
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What did the Presbyterians believe?
no bishops, and did not recognise the Crown as the head of the Church - disliked by James
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What did the Puritans believe?
they were Calvinists who resented bishops - saw the sermon as the centre of the worship. They were a vocal minority.
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Who were Anglicans?
the majority of England were Anglicans with a moderate, Calvinist based theology, accepting bishops and worship centering around the communion.
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Who were Arminians?
they were anti-Calvinist and wanted more elaborate services. Sacraments such as communiun were central to worship and they saw bishops as ordained by God.
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What about the Roman Catholics?
they were a very small minority - under 5 % of the population
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What state was the Church in financially in 1603?
Lack of resources. The clergy were paid little and many didn't have a proper education. Often the clergy could no longer rely on tithes as those who had bought the right to appoint clergy could take them.
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What position did the bishops have in the Church?
important - 26 sat in the House of Lords and supported the Crown. James much prefered bishops to elders. Archbishop of Canterbury was John Whitgift who was nearing the end of his life.
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Who were the main critics of the Church?
the Puritans. Believed in double predestination and election, and tried to live upright and moral lives.Wanted a higher standard of preaching, loathed RCs.
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What was James' opinion of Puritans?
radical troublemakers - he was closer to other Calvinists
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Who wanted to reform the Church?
the Puritans, and James and the bishops agreed improvements were needed too - like better education for the clergy
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What was the position of the Roman Catholics?
Catholic non-conformists paid recusancy fines, didn't go to church and were subject to penal laws. Jame's wife was a RC but gave little cause for concern.
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Card 2

Front

How was the Church run?

Back

by bishops, archdeacons an deans. Its doctrine was enshrined in the 39 Articles which stated what the Church believed

Card 3

Front

What did James like about the English Church?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the Erastian view?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did the Presbyterians believe?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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