What is politics and IR?

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Politics is by Marsh and Stoker described as:
Complex, contingent and chaotic
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How does Hay distinguish politics from economics and sociology?
By emphasising on the political aspects - "distribution, exercise and consequences of power"
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What is politics as an arena?
Politics is the world of governments and those who seek to influence it
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What is politics as a social process?
Politics is about the uneven distribution of power and the consequences of this, such as different life-chances and well-being. This leads to struggle between groups
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How does Lasswell define politics?
"Who gets what, when, how?"
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How does Garner define politics?
Politics is the process by which groups representing divergent interests and values make collective decisions
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What does Garner hold as responsible for definition controversies?
Boundary problems
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What does Leftwich say about boundaries?
The boundaries of politics is the single most important factor involved in influencing the way people implicitly or explicitly conceive of politics
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According to Hay, what is the main problem with a too broad definition of politics?
A too broad definition is confusing politics as an arena with politics as a process. People who are bored with politics tend to be dissatisfied with the work of politicians (arena)
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Two different boundaries of politics:
1) State, society and the international community. 2) Consensus or Conflict
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How can State, society and the international community be sub-categorised?
1) The narrow view (activities of the state). 2) The broader view (other inputs affecting the society should be considered)
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Why does Hay support the broader view?
"The political should be defined in such a way as to encompass the entire sphere of the social)
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Why does Leftwich support the broader view?
"Politics is at the heart of all collective social activity, formal and informal, public and private, in all human groups, institutions and societies."
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Politics as Consensus or Conflict
Politics is the art of finding peaceful resolutions to conflict, through compromise and the building of consensus. Supported by Crick
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Criticism of Consensus or Conflicts by Garner
Politics is not absent in undemocratic regimes or in civil or international conflict
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Definition of IR by Brown
"Diplomatic-strategic relations of states" with focus on war and peace, conflict and cooperation
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Criticism of the definition
Physical violence is not as central to IR for most actors. Cross-border transactions of the political, economic and social are more important
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Marsh and Stoker on Politics and IR
There is a "growing interlinking of domestic politics and international relations"
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Examples of growing interlinking
"Domestic politics is increasingly influenced by trans-national forces - Marsh and Stoker
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Card 2

Front

How does Hay distinguish politics from economics and sociology?

Back

By emphasising on the political aspects - "distribution, exercise and consequences of power"

Card 3

Front

What is politics as an arena?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is politics as a social process?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How does Lasswell define politics?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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