What is a theory

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: The Shrew
  • Created on: 16-01-16 19:14
What is a theory
ideas that have been proposed about behaviour and mental phenomena, organise and explain data from observations, general principles that outline particular phenomena
1 of 12
Must
Stand up to empirical investigation, clearly define variables, inform about relationship between variables, explain causes of events, have predictive utility, be falsifiable
2 of 12
Hypothesis
Way of testing theory- state what will be seen in experiment
3 of 12
Must
be testable, have operational definitions
4 of 12
Sequence
Books-> Theoretic journals, review papers, meta analyses-> scientific experiments
5 of 12
Expand population tested e.g.
Mackillop et al + Fernie et al- impulsive decision making not effected by student drinking- test older pop?
6 of 12
New methodology e.g.
Field and Cox- smokers have attentional bias to alcohol stimulus using RT- could use eye tracker
7 of 12
Qualitative data
Richness/ discourse analysis/ thematic analysis
8 of 12
Quantitative data
numerical/ descriptive and inferential stats/ differences, correlation and probability
9 of 12
Correlational data
relationship between 2 variables/ no control/ can't infer causation
10 of 12
Experimental
True experiment- manipulate IV and observe effect/ Quasi experiment- no full control over IV- naturally occurring groups
11 of 12
Single case experiment
Repeating observations of performance or behaviour/ baseline- intervention- difference
12 of 12

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Must

Back

Stand up to empirical investigation, clearly define variables, inform about relationship between variables, explain causes of events, have predictive utility, be falsifiable

Card 3

Front

Hypothesis

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Must

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Sequence

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Methods and Statistics resources »