Weimar germany

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  • Created by: Biancaa
  • Created on: 21-05-14 13:44
When was the armistice signed and what is it briefly?
1918- ended WW1
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When was the sparticist uprising?
1919
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When was the treaty of Versailles signed?
1919
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When and what is the Kapp Putsch?
1920- a revolt by the Friekorps
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When was the occupation of the Rhur and why did it happen?
1923- Germany couldnt keep up with the reparations= breaking treaty of versaillles. This was a way in which France and Belgium made them pay.
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When and what was hyperinflation?
1923- they didn't have enough money to cover passive resistance.
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When and what was passive resistance and who ended it and why?
September 1923, it was caused by the occupation of the ruhr because germans refused to cooperate so they stopped working so no resources were produced by Germany. Gustav Stresemann ended because it damaged the economy severely.
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When and what is the Munich Putsch?
the ending of passive resistance by Stresemann was seen as betrayal by the German citizens. On 8-9 November, Hitler and his Nazi party attempted to launch a revolution in Munich, the capital of Bavaria.
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List the crisises of 1923 in order
occupation of the ruhr, passive resistance, hyperinflation and the end of passive resistance
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When was the Rentenmark and Reichmark introduced?
Rentenmark- 1923, Reichmark 1924
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When and what is the Dawes plan?
1924- an 800 million mark loan from America to rebuild their economy
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When and what is the young plan?
1929- an agreement saying that Germany could pay their reparations slower. People were more relaxed and forces were pulled out of Rhineland.
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When and what is the locarno treaty?
1925, guaranteed german border with Belgium, France and Italy. THey gained more trust as they weren't worried about Germany reclaiming land. Made powerful allies.
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When did Germany enter the League of nations? what was the effect of this?
1926- it ensured that war would never break out again
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What happened during Gustav's presence 1923- 1929
rentenmark 1923, reichmark 1924, dawes plan 1924, young plan 1929, ended censorship, locarno treaties 1925, league of nations 1926, improved trade 1928, hindenburg was appointed 1925.
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When did Hitler join the German worker's party?
1919 and renames it to the Nazi party in 1920
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When was the SA (storm troopers) formed and what was it's purpose?
1921 to intimidate opposing parties
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How many members did the Nazi party have by 1922
3000
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How many troops were there in the Munich Putsch?
3000 troops and 600 SA (not a lot, easily crushed)
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When was Hitler imprisoned for the Munich Putsch and how long for?
1924 for 5 years?
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When was the Wall Street Crash? and provide a statistic?
1929.40% of factory workers became unemployed din 1932
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When was the Reichstag fire and how many communist leaders were imprisoned?
1933, 4000 imprisoned
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When was the enabling act and what did it mean?
It was signed in March 1933 and it allowed Hitler to pass laws without the consent of the Reichstag. He banned other parties and everyone was intimidated by Hitler and his power.
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When was the night of the long knives? What happened?
1934, Ernst Rohm (leader of the SA was killed) along with 400 of his men- ensured absolute loyalty.
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When was the trade union banned? and what was introduced
1933. DAF (German Labour Front) was introduced which all workers had to join, it regulated working hours and pay- bringing an end to strikes. The RAD (National Labour Service) was also introduced which reduced unemployment.
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What were the negatives of RAD and DAF?
the pay was very low and it was organized like an army- with uniforms, barracks and parades. Workers had to leave home and there was no freedom.
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When was rearmament and what was the effect of it?
1936. annual german spending on arms went up from 3.6 bil marks to 26 bil marks. production of iron and steel trebled and plastics increased by 460%. ALL FROM 1933 to 1939. German army increased from 100,000 in 1933 to 900,000 in 1930
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How did the Nazis run Germany?
dictatorship, one party state, propaganda state, the SS, concentration camps (1933)
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How did Hitler deal with the 'burdens of the community'?
propaganda, sterilization law 1933, concentration camps, euthanasia campaign in 1939 which the Nazis secretly began to exterminate the mentally ill- 6000 handicapped people were murdered by starvation or lethal injections
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explain the persecution of the jews
1933- boycott of jewish shops, Jews banned from government jobs and inheriting land. 1935- nuremburg law (banning marriage between jews and aryans), coloured patch. 1938-Jews had to register properties, Kristallnacht. 1939- jews sent to ghettos
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When and what is Kristillnacht?
1938- the destruction of synagogues, jewish homes and shops. After, the jews were fined with 1 bil marks for the damage. Jews were banned from owning business or going to school. 20,000 jews were rounded up and taken to concentration camps.
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How did the Nazis benefit small businesses and farmers?
Nazis passed laws to ban new department stores and to stop existing ones growing. Competing Jewish busniess were closed down so between 1933 to 1937, the value of their trade doubled. Farmers' debts were written off and food prices increased by 20%.
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How did the Nazis affect unskilled workers?
There were 6,000,000 unemployed workers. They were put on government work programmes and if they didn't accept, they would not receive benefits. However the wages for the government work programmes were lower than the benefits.
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how did hitler turn young germans into loyal nazis?
race studies was compulsory, pe increased (had to be passed or expelled), history focused on the rise of the Nazis, biology taught pupils to classify races and that aryans were superior and shouldn't marry inferior races. 97% teachers joined NTA
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explain the purpose of Hitler Youth (14+) and the pimpf (6-13) and the League of German Maidens
designed to train them to obey and give them skills needed to become solidiers
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What did the Nazis want from German women from 1933
20 female reichstag, 100,000 female teachers- to Nazis, sign of corrupt Weimar Germany. So they forced female lawyers, teachers... to quit and encouraged to focus them on KKK. Gave 1000 marks to married young couples as long as female didnt work
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What is the mothers cross?
formed in 1938, a medal reqarded for women who had large families. Bronze- 4 children, silver-6, gold- 8
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When and what was the Lebensborn programme?
1935, which made 'single women available for fertilisation by SS men'
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Card 2

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When was the sparticist uprising?

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1919

Card 3

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When was the treaty of Versailles signed?

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Card 4

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When and what is the Kapp Putsch?

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Card 5

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When was the occupation of the Rhur and why did it happen?

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