Weimar Germany

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November 1918
Kaiser fled Germany
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Reasons why Germans hated the Treaty of Versailles 1919
1) Article 231 2) 6,600m pounds in reparations 3) Germanys colonies given to LofN 4) Army&Navy limited 5) Alsace-Lorraine handed back to France. Land also lost to Poland
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Weimar strengths
German had equal rights&votes, proportional representation, strong leader and each state had its own traditions.
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Weimar weaknesses
Article 48, local states could ignore the Reichstag wishes, PR encourage small parties
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June 1923 Hyperinflation
printed extra money to cover costs of reparations which led to value of money goes down
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Cause of Hyperinflation
Invasion on the Ruhr as workers went on strike
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Left wing (Spartacists) leaders and belief
Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht (assassinated), Communism
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Right wing (Wolf Gang Kapp) leader/supporter
Dr Wolf Gang Kapp and General Ludendorff supported Kapp
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1919 Spartacist Uprising
50,000 rebelled, led by two communists. Freikorps were involved.
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1920 Wolf Gang Kapp uprising
took over Berlin, defeated when workers went on strike.
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Who were the Freikorps
former soldiers, rightwing, hated TofV, helped President Ebert end Spartacist Uprising (1919)
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How many politicians were assassinated?
356 including Walter Rathenau
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Reparations bill (number)
6.6 billion pounds
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Who was the first leader of the German Workers Party? and when did Hitler join?
Anton Drexler and Hitler joined 1920
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Hitler changed German Workers Party to....
National Socialist German Workers Party (NASDAP)
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What two elements did Hitler introduce to NASDAP?
New flag and symbol / SA (brownshirts)
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Jan 1923 Invasion on the Ruhr
French and Belgian troops,workers went on strike, gov printed more money leading to hyperinflation
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October 1923
Temporary currency introduced: Rentenmark then permanent Reichsmark
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Dawes Plan 1924
Reduced reparations to take Germany out of hyperinflation
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November 2923 - Munich Putsch
Right wing, Ludendorff and Hitler (Nazis) - Hitler arrested and wrote Mein Kampf
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Definition of Hyperinflation
When prices run out of control
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What year did Stresemann become chancellor and leader of the foreign policies
1923
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1925 main event?
Locarno Pact
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1926 event?
league of nations
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1928 event?
Kellog brand pact with 62 countries
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1929 Young plan aim
reduced reparations again by 20%
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1929 Cause of Wall Street Crash in America
due to stock market crashing because of the heavy loaning with the European countries
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in 1929 who dies?
Stresemann
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1930 Hindenburg becomes..
chancellor
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1930 what major event occurred in the USA
The Great Depression
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1933 Hitler becomes..
chancellor leading to the rise of the nazis
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What two things did communists take over in 1923?
Governments Saxony and Thuringia and took over Rhineland then declared in independent
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1) Article 231 2) 6,600m pounds in reparations 3) Germanys colonies given to LofN 4) Army&Navy limited 5) Alsace-Lorraine handed back to France. Land also lost to Poland

Back

Reasons why Germans hated the Treaty of Versailles 1919

Card 3

Front

German had equal rights&votes, proportional representation, strong leader and each state had its own traditions.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Article 48, local states could ignore the Reichstag wishes, PR encourage small parties

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

printed extra money to cover costs of reparations which led to value of money goes down

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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