Water on land keywords

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What is the defintion of a river?
A natural waterway that moves water through a landscape.
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What is the defintion of a stream?
A tunnel of water, usually found upperland.
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What is the defintion of a waterfall?
A vertical fall of water, course of the river is interupted by a steep drop in the land.
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What is the defintion of a tributary?
A small river or stream flowing into a larger river.
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What is the defintion of a meander?
Found in the rivers middle course. natural result of erosion and deposition.
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What is the defintion of a floodplain?
The flat land either side of the river in the lower course.
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What is the defintion of the mouth?
The place where the river meets the ocean.
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What is the defintion of the source?
The point from which the river originates.
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What is the defintion of confluence?
Where 2 rivers meet.
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What is the defintion of groyne?
Large wooden fences built on beaches to try and trap sediments and stop it being transported along the coast.
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What is the defintion of marsh?
The land around the river.
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What is the defintion of precipitation?
Any source of moisture reaching the ground (e.g. rain, snow, frost)
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What is the defintion of interception?
Water being prevented from reaching the surface by trees or grass.
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What is the defintion of surface storage?
Water held on the ground surface (e.g. puddles)
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What is the defintion of infiltration?
Water sinking into soil/rock from the ground.
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What is the defintion of soil moisture?
Water held in the soil layer.
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What is the defintion of ground water?
Water stored in the rock.
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What is the defintion of transpiration?
Water lost through pores in vegetation.
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What is the defintion of evaporation?
Water lost from ground/vegetation. When the water turns from liquid to gas.
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What is the defintion of surface run-off?
Water flowing on the top of the ground.
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What is the defintion of through flow?
Water flowing through the soil layer parellel to the surface.
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What is the defintion of groundwater flow?
Water flowing through the rock.
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What is the defintion of watershed?
The area of high land forming the edge of the river basin.
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What is the defintion of channel?
This is where the river flows.
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What is the defintion of drainage basin?
This is the area of land drained by a river and it's tributaries.
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What is the defintion of vertical erosion?
When the river erodes downwards.
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What is the defintion of horizontal erosion?
Lateral erosion. It is erodes outwards instead of down.
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What is the defintion of levees?
Desposited sediments left the by the river when it floods.
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What is the defintion of discharge?
The volume of water flowing past a point in a river. Measured in cuboc meters per second.
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What is the defintion of storm hydrograph?
A graph showing the amount of water in the river.
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What is the defintion of flash flood?
A flood that happens very quickly.
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What is the defintion of base flow?
The normal flow of the river.
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What is the defintion of lag time?
The difference in time between the peak rainfall and peak discharge.
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What is the defintion of peak rainfall?
The highest amount of rainfall.
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What is the defintion of peak discharge?
The highest amount of water in a river.
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What is the defintion of rising limb?
Water in the river rising.
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What is the defintion of falling limb?
Water in the river falling.
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What is the defintion of anticedent rainfall?
Rainfall that has already happened meaning that the ground has become saturated.
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What is the defintion of water stress?
When the amount of water that is availible does not meet how much that is needed.
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What is the defintion of area of deflict?
Locations where the rain that falls does not provide enough water on a perminate basis.
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What is the defintion of area of surplus?
Locations that have more water than is needed.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A tunnel of water, usually found upperland.

Back

What is the defintion of a stream?

Card 3

Front

A vertical fall of water, course of the river is interupted by a steep drop in the land.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A small river or stream flowing into a larger river.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Found in the rivers middle course. natural result of erosion and deposition.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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