Water World

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Water Stores on Earth are Known as the .......... ?
Hydrosphere.
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What are the Major Stores of Water in the Hydrosphere?
Oceans, Glaciers and Snow Covers, Groundwater and Lakes and Rivers.
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Water is Part of a ........... System?
Closed.
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What is the Recyling Method of Water?
The Hydrological Cycle.
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How does Water Travel Through the Hydrological Cycle?
Water Circulates through the Biosphere through Plants, the Lithosphere through Surface and Ground Water Run Off and then back into the Atmosphere.
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What is the Hydrological Cycle Made Up Of?
Stores and Processes.
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What are the Jobs of Processes in the Hydrological Cycle?
To Transfer the Water from One Store to Another.
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Name all the Processes in the Hydrological Cycle?
Evaporation, Transpiration and Evapotranspiration, Condensation, Precipition, Surface Run Off and Ground Water Flow, Streamflow, Infiltration and Perculation.
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What is Evaporation?
Transfer of Water from Liquid to Gas to Vapour.
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What is Transpiration and Evpotranspiraration?
Water Lost from Plants Returning Back to the Atmosphere as Gas.
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What is Condensation?
Water Vapour Becoming Liquid Again. This happens when Air Containing Water Vapour Cools Resulting in Clouds, Fog and Mist.
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What is Precipitation?
Water Droplets in Clouds become Water Drops or Snowflakes, However Snow usually Melts as it falls through the Warmer Air.
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What is Surface Run Off?
When the Ground is too Saturated to Infilrate or too compact causing the Water too Run Off the Surface into Rivers.
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What is Ground Water Flow?
When Precipitation Reaches the Ground it Soaks through the Ground (Infilrates) and moves Downhill.
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What is Streamflow?
When Ground Water Flow and Surface Run Off reaches the Rivers and Streams onto the Sea or Ocean.
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What in Infiltration?
Where Water Soaks from Soil into Ground.
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What is Perculation?
When Water from Soil Moves Slowly into the Lowe Layers of Soil and Rock. This Creates Ground Water Storage which may later move through Ground Water Flow.
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What is Through Flow?
Where Water Moves Downwards through the Layers of Soil.
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What is Channel Flow?
Downhill Movement of Water in Rivers.
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Name 3 Ways Humans can Interfer with the Hydrological Cycle?
Deforestation, Urbanisation and Resevoir Building.
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How Does Deforestation Impact the Hydrological Cycle?
Interception is Reduced as there are Fewer Trees therefore Water Travels Quicker into Rivers increasing Flooding. The Roots of Trees no longer hold Soil together so its easily Eroded and washed into Rivers causing Sedimentation and Flooding.
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How Does Resevoir Building Impact?
Increased Evaporation therefore more Localised Rainfall and Large Areas of Deforested Land.
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How Does Urbanisation Impact?
Stops Infiltration and Increases Surface Run Off, Increasing Flash Floods.
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What is Water Stress/Scarcity?
A Lack of Water caused Physically or Economically. Physical is when Demand is Larger than Supply and Economic is when People can't afford Water.
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Name 3 causes of Water Scarcity?
Population Growth, when an Increase in Population Increases Demand. Agriculteral Demand, when an Increase in Population Leads to a Larger Food Demand, Farmers need more Water to Grow Food. Industrail Development, Factories Require Water.
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Name the 3 Causes of Poor Water Quality?
Industrail Development, Agriculture and Transport.
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How Does Industrail Development Effect Water Quality?
As Countries Develop they need more Factories which produces Pollution which is Pumed into Rivers, Killing Wildlife and making Water Undrinkable.
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How Does Agriculture Effect Water Quality?
Fertiliser used in Farming can Run Off Farmland into Rivers this can increase Algae growing in the Rivers (Euthrophication), Destroying the Ecosystem and Making Water Undrinkable.
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How Does Transport Effect Water Quality?
Salt is used on Icy Roads but if the Salt is washed into the Rivers this can chnage Salt Level, Damaging Wildlife.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the Major Stores of Water in the Hydrosphere?

Back

Oceans, Glaciers and Snow Covers, Groundwater and Lakes and Rivers.

Card 3

Front

Water is Part of a ........... System?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the Recyling Method of Water?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How does Water Travel Through the Hydrological Cycle?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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