Water on the Land

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  • Created by: kfginty
  • Created on: 29-03-16 21:39
MOUTH
The point at which the river meets the sea.
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CONFLUENCE
The point at which two rivers join.
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CONDENSATION
The process by which a gas is changed into a liquid as a result of cooling.
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EVAPORATION
The process by which water changes into a gas as a result of heating.
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OVERLAND FLOW/SURFACE RUNOFF
The sideways movement of water over the land.
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GROUNDWATER FLOW
The sideways movement of water through the bedrock.
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THROUGHFLOW
The sdeways movement of water through the soil.
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VELOCITY
The speed of a river.
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SOURCE
The start of the river.
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CUMECS
The unit of measurement used to record discharge.
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PRECIPITATION
Water falling from the sky in any form (snow, rain, sleet).
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CORROSION
When acid in the river dissolves rock.
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ATTRITION
When material rubs against the banks dislodging any loose material.
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ABRASION
When material within a river collides and breaks up into smaller pieces.
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HYDRAULIC ACTION
When the sheer force of the water dislodges particles from the bed and banks.
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TRANSPERATION
When water is evaporated back into the atmosphere off vegetation.
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INTERCEPTION
When water is prevented from reaching the ground by vegetation.
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PEAK DISCHARGE
The point at which the maximum amount of water was recorded in the channel.
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PEAK RAINFALL
The point at which maximum rainfall occured.
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SATURATION POINT
The point at which bedrock and soil are completely full of water.
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WATERTABLE
The level beneath which the all rock/soil is saturated.
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NORMAL BASE FLOW
The level at which the river normally flows.
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INFILTRATION
The downwards movement of water through the soil.
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PERCOLATION
The downwards movement of water through the bedrock.
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LAG TIME
The difference between peak rainfall and peak discharge.
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DISCHARGE
The amount of water in the channel at a given point and at a given time.
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POUROUS
Rocks that contain tiny pores that allow water to be absorbed.
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PERVIOUS
Rocks that contain tiny cracks through which water can flow.
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WATERSHED
An area of highland that separates one drainage basin from another.
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DRAINAGE BASIN
An area drained by a river and its tributaries.
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STROM RUNOFF
Additional water found in a drainage basin after a period of rainfall.
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IMPERMEABLE
A type of rock or surface that does not let water penetrate.
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PERMEABLE
A type of rock or surface that does allow water to penetrate.
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TRIBUTARY
A small river that flows into another river.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The point at which two rivers join.

Back

CONFLUENCE

Card 3

Front

The process by which a gas is changed into a liquid as a result of cooling.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The process by which water changes into a gas as a result of heating.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The sideways movement of water over the land.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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