WATER IN THE UK

UK areas of water surplus and deficit
-North+west UK have high rainfall=good supply of water.-SE+midlands have high pop. densities=high water demand, areas of water deficit (demand>supply).-North+west=areas of water surplus(supply>demand).
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Why is UK water demand increasing? - domestic use
- Since 1975, amount of water used by households in UK had gone up by about 70%. - People have more appliances that use lots of water, e.g. dishwashers and washing machines.
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Why is UK water demand increasing? - increasing population
- UK pop. is predicted to increase by around 10 million people by 2040.
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Why is UK water demand increasing? - changing pop. densities
- Lots of new homes are planned to be built in the SE, where there is already a water deficit.
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Why is water quality a problem?
- Polluted or low quality water reduces the amount available for use = more pressure put on water resources, especially in areas with a water deficit.
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How is water quality lowered in the UK?
-Nitrates+phosphates from fertilisers used on crops, washed into rivers+groundwater.-Pollutants from vehicles washed into water sources through runoff when it rains.-Accidental chemical+oil spills at factories pollute local water sources+groundwater.
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Polluted groundwater
-Up to 80% of water in some parts of S. England comes from ground water, but pollution is affecting the water quality of nearly 50% of groundwater used for UK public supply. - Many groundwater sources closed or have to have expensive treatment.
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Pollution management
- Improving drainage systems (e.g. by slowing down movement of rainwater to rivers so that pollutants can be broken down in the soil). - Imposing regulations on amount and types of fertilisers and pesticides used.
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Water transfers - positives
- Transferring water from areas of surplus to areas of deficit can help to deal with the supply and demand problem. - E.g. Birmingham (area of deficit) is supplied with water from middle of Wales (area of surplus).
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Water transfers - negatives
-Dams+aqueducts(bridges used to transport water)=expensive to build.-Can effect wildlife that lives in rivers (e.g. fish migration can be disrupted by dams).-Might be political issues(e.g. people not wanting their water transferred to another area).
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Card 2

Front

Why is UK water demand increasing? - domestic use

Back

- Since 1975, amount of water used by households in UK had gone up by about 70%. - People have more appliances that use lots of water, e.g. dishwashers and washing machines.

Card 3

Front

Why is UK water demand increasing? - increasing population

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why is UK water demand increasing? - changing pop. densities

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why is water quality a problem?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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