Water conflicts

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  • Created by: stephjkl
  • Created on: 07-06-16 16:13
What physical factors control water supply?
Geology - aquifers/impermeable v.s. permeable, presence of river systems, Climate change & seasonal variations
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What human factors affect water supply?
Population growth, economic growth, industry, pollution
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Where are the world's water secure and insecure places?
Insecure - Aral Sea, Northern China, Southern Spain, Sub-saharan Africa
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Where is water stress locally and across regions?
Marsabit, Kenya - climate refugees California - growing demand due to population Northern China - growing demand from industry
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What is the role of the hydrological cycle?
Surface runoff - often polluted/rainwater, groundwater may be cleaner due to infiltration through rocks
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What is the link between wealth/poverty and access to water?
Sub-saharan Africa - Economic water scarcity, Northern China, Industry, California, stress due to demand
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How can water use and extraction cause environmental and supply problems?
Aral Sea - environmental damage and social health problems, Colorado River, necessary to cater for the big cities, stress in California, over extraction. South-North transfer scheme - polluting the Han River, Lesotho Highlands Project, water transfer
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How can water use and extraction cause problems for human health?
Aral Sea - health problems, River Ganges and Brahmaputra, result to drinking pond water due to Indian's construction of dams, and eye infections/ skin disease
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Where might water conflicts develop?
Colorado River, Ebro River, India and Bangladesh, River Jordan
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What are the trans-boundary issues surrounding water?
River Jordan, River Ganges & Brahmaputra, Colorado River
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What role do water trading agreements have in creating winners and losers in water security?
Colorado Compact, 7 states, equal shares of water, Quantification Settlement Agreement, California previously over-extracted, Aral Sea Basin Agreement, Helsinki Rules - often prioritise more economically, military and socially powerful countries
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Who are the key decision-makers that play roles in determining future water security?
Environmentalists - water conservation, Governments, China South-North transfer scheme, Three Gorges Dam, Water Aid - securing supplies in developing countries
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What are the responses to current and projected demands for water?
Water conservation - "Pee Outside Day, Drip irrigation in Ogallala Aquifer, Great Plains, USA, Government Policies, Restoration of Aral Sea - $126 million dam, River Kissimmee, 11,000 hectares will be restored, Dam projects
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To what extent can technology play a role in increasing water supply?
Desalinisation - Thames plant - £250 million , Ebro River desalinisation plant, Transfer Schemes - South-North, Snowy Mountains, Lesotho
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What human factors affect water supply?

Back

Population growth, economic growth, industry, pollution

Card 3

Front

Where are the world's water secure and insecure places?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Where is water stress locally and across regions?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the role of the hydrological cycle?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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