Water and the carbon cycle terms

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  • Created by: jxsshu
  • Created on: 03-09-20 11:54
Acidification
The gradual reduction of the oceans PH due to dissolving CO2 from the atmosphere.
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Afforestation
Planting of trees in the aim to increase forrest cover
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Anticyclone
A system of high pressure, causing high temperatures and high evaporation rates
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Aquifer
Permeable or porous rock which stores water
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Biofuel
Burning crops or vegetation to produce heat and electricity
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Carbon Fluxes
The movement of carbon between stores
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Carbon neutral
A process that has no net addition of carbon dioxide to the environment
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Carbon stores
Places where carbon accumulates over a period of time for example plant and animal matter
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Channel flow
Water flowing in a rivulet, stream or river
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Choke points
Points in the logistics of energy and fuel that are prone to restriction
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Combustion
The process of burning a substance, in the presence of oxygen to release energy
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Convectional precipitation
Solar radiation heats the air above causing it to rise, cool and condense forming precipitation
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Cryosphere
The global water volume locked up within a frozen state ie. ice and snow
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Decomposition
The breakdown of matter, often by a decomposer which releases carbon dioxide through their own respiration
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Depression
A system of low pressure, with fronts of precipitation where low and high pressure air masses meet
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Desalination plant
The conversion of seawater to fresh water able for human consumption
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Desublimation
The change of state of water from gas to solid ie. frost formation
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Drainage basin
The area of land drained by a river and its tributaries
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Drainage density
The total length of all the rivers and streams divided by the area of the basin
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Drought
An extended period of deficient rainfall, relative to the statistical average of the statistical average for the region
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Economic water scarcity
When water resources are available but insufficient economic wealth limits access to it
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Energy mix
The composition of a country's energy recourses
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Energy security
The ownership and full control of a country's energy source, production and transportation
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Energy Pathway
The movement of energy from it extraction or source, through pipes, freight logistics or cabling
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Energy players
Key companies and individuals, who own, sell and distribute energy and energy sources
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ENSO cycles
El-Nino Southern oscillations - naturally occurring phenomena that involves the movement of warm water in the equatorial pacific due to lack of trade winds
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Frontal precipitation
Where air masses of temperatures meet at a front causing one to ascend above the other, causing precipitation below the front.
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Global hydrological cycle
The continuous transfer of water between land, atmosphere and the oceans
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Hydrological drought
Insufficient soil moisture to meet the needs of vegetation at a particular time
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Infiltration
The movement of water through pores in water vertically
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Inorganic carbon
Carbon stored in carbonated rocks
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Interception
Raindrops are prevented from falling directly onto the ground, instead, hitting the leaves of the trees
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Meterological drought
When long term precipitation trends are below average
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Monsoon
The drastic variation between wet and dry seasons for subtropical areas caused by a change of global wind
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Nuclear fusion
The process of joining atomic nuclei together, to produce energy
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OPEC
Oil and petroleum exporting countries. An organisation that supports and coordinates fossil fuel exporting countries
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Open system
A system affected by external flows and inputs
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Organic carbon
Carbon stored in plant material and living organisms
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Outgassing
The release of carbon dioxide
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Percolation
Water moving vertically from soil into permeable rock
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Physical water scarcity
A physical lack of freshwater which cannot meet demand
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Phytoplankton
Small organisms that rely on photosynthesis to survive, so take in carbon dioxide from the atmosphere
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Primary energy
The initial source of energy as it is naturally found. This could be natural ores, water, crops or radioactive material
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Relief precipitation
Precipitation caused when air masses are forced to rise over high land, determined by the relief or morphology of the land
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Respiration
The process of converting glucose and oxygen into carbon dioxide and energy
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River regime
The pattern of river discharge over a year
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Salinisation
Where salt water contaminates fresh water stores or soils, creating saline conditions and reducing human uses/ consumption
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Secondary energy
The product of primary energy mostly electricity
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Sequestration
The transfer of carbon from the atmosphere to stores elsewhere, living biosphere, inorganic rocks
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Smart irrigation
Providing rocks with a water supply less than optimal, to make crops resistant to water shortages
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Thermohaline circulation
The movement of volumes of seawater from cold deep water to warm water surface water
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Water scarcity
There are limited renewable water sources (between 500 and 1000 cubic metres per year)
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Water security
The ability to protect and access a sustainable source to adequately meet demand
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Water sharing treaty
International agreements for transboundary sources
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Water transfer
Hard engineering projects which divert water between basins to meet demand
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Water shed
The boundary between drainage basins
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Planting of trees in the aim to increase forrest cover

Back

Afforestation

Card 3

Front

A system of high pressure, causing high temperatures and high evaporation rates

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Permeable or porous rock which stores water

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Burning crops or vegetation to produce heat and electricity

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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