Warfare through Time (Edexcel)

What was assizes of arms
40 days free fighting service to your king for anyone aged 16 to 60.
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What is the Scutage Tax?
Where the fyrd could pay their way out of fighting meaning that the king could pay for mercenairies to fight.
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What are Mercenairies?
Solidiers who got paid to fight for the king, they could be from a different country.
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What happened at Battle of Falkirk 1298?
Part of English Cavarly attacked early and got decimated by schiltrons, The Scots flanks were unprotected so rest of cavarly went in that way.
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What are Schiltrons?
They were the scottish main weapon, big sticks with points on the end to stab the cavarly and infantry
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When were the first cannons used?
At the battle of Crecy in 1346, although it was not that good.
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When was the Battle of Agincourt?
1415 between the French (Charles d'albret) and English (Henry v)
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What happened at Agincourt?
The french trained on the battlefield and got it very muddy, the english longbowmen hid in the trees and killed the chivarlous french that way.
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What century was gunpowder used properly?
16th century, 1500's
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What was the use of pikemen in an army?
To protect the musketeers as it takes a lot of time to reload the matchlock musket.
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What year did the government say archers were no longer needed in the army?
1595
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What does it show when more people are being killed in gun accidents than longbow accidents?
It shows that guns are used more meaning that die in accidents more
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What are the pros of using a musket?
The soldiers dont need training, it is easier to use.
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What is the New Model Army?
It is a standing army so it is permemeant
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What happened at the Battle of Naseby?
Prince Rupert attacked the baggage train, cromwell led ironsides, okey led dragoons, royalist were less disiplined
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Did the musket have a lasting effect on The Battle of Naseby?
No it did not because it took to log to reload so was used about once each.
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What are the benefits of having an standing army?
They are better paid, Get food, higher morale and want to fight more.
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What effects did Sandhurst opening have on british warfare?
There could be no paid commissions and everyone have to train to be one meaning there were 'proper' generals.
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What three things were created after the increase of reporting in the wars?
Pacifism, where people want peace,/Impearialism, wanting to spread british values /Jingoism, the love of war/
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What was first seen in the Crimean War?
Trench warfare because the soldiers had to hide from the oncoming bullets
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What technique was used in the barrel of the gun to make bullets go faster?
Rifling, where there was ring arounf the barrel to make the bullet spin so it would go faster
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What key event in the Battle of Balacava showed that cavarly were no longer useful.
The thin red line because it took only took a few men to defeat part of russian cavarly
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What port was britain trying to protect?
Sevastapol
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Why was Wellington more prepared for the Battle of Waterloo?
He had been there before, he set the british up on a hill, he took la haye sainte and hugomounte first before napoleon.
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What major event increased the development of war?
Industrial revolution, Steam power made it easier to travel to places quicker so supplies could go to soldiers quickly
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What three things did Cardwell do for the army?
Gave better rations, gave them a pension, made them only serve for 12 years.
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What did conscription mean for the british army?
Low morale and untrained like at Battle of the Somme. didnt know what to do and couldnt cope with tench conditions
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How many people died on the first day of the somme?
60,000
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What was the Munich Crisis ?
When the world appeased Hitler so he wouldnt start a war but he did.
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When was the first day of the Blitz?
7th of September known as black saturday.
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What was Germanys tatic of blitz?
They bombed places of significance in england and homes so britain would surrender.
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What were first seen in WW2?
Nuclear weapons, ballistic weapons, radar
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What has nuclear weapons given us?
MAD, Muattally Assured Destruction, in other words peace.
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How many people died at hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945?
200,000
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What does asymetric warfare mean?
When a big power in the world like UK, America fight a smaller power ie Iraq. when the smaller power normally fights against big powers using guerilla tatics,
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What does Guerilla Tatics mean?
When one side attacks in ambushes, ieds and hidden attacks not big ones like big countries, they lower morale of soldiers and normally win. like in Vietnam and Iraq
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How much was America spending on the Iraq war each year?
$1 billion.
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How many satelites were in the sky in the year 2000?
2000 satelites were in the sky during the year 2000
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What is a wheelbarrow?
A robotic bomb disposer, reduces human deaths. used in Northern Ireland, the robot can pick them up and take them to
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What did American coaltion do to capture Basra in 2003?
They used shock and awe tatics, obitterating iraqi powers
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What Year did the British leave Basra
2007
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What are most wars about in todays society?
Restablising a country, removing a dicator or an horrrible leader like suddam hussein.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the Scutage Tax?

Back

Where the fyrd could pay their way out of fighting meaning that the king could pay for mercenairies to fight.

Card 3

Front

What are Mercenairies?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happened at Battle of Falkirk 1298?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are Schiltrons?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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