War and Peace

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  • Created by: lh1002
  • Created on: 23-06-16 21:00
Capital Punishment
Refers to the Death penalty. The legally authorised killing of a person as a punishment for their crime.
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Criminals
These are people who have committed a crime and can be put in prison for it
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Conscientious objector
This is when someone follows their conscience (the inner voice of God) and does not go to a specific war. He/she may be a Pacifist but may use violence on another occasion if they felt it was necessary.
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Holy war
This is a war fought in to protect a religion; for example when Christians fought against the Muslims in the Crusades. The Christians were trying to free Jerusalem.
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Justice
This means that people are treated fairly in all ways.
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Just war
This refers to the terms/rules under which a war is allowed. There are six rules which say going to war can happen.
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Pacificm
This term refers to no violence at all. Someone who was a pacifist would not fight back under any circumstances.
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Just war theory
Thomas Aquinas (and others) developed the Christian Just War Theory and argued that a war can only be morally justified if it meets certain criteria.
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Jus ad Bellum
Justice in the decision making
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Jus in Bello
Once war has begun, just war theory (Jus in bello) also directs how combatants are to act or should act:
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What are the criteria for a just war- Jus ad Bellum?
Just cause; comparative justice; competent authority; right intention; probability of success; proportionality; last resort
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What are the criteria for a just war- Jus in Bello?
Distinction; proportionality; military necessity; fair treatment of prisoners of war
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What are Pacifists and Quakers?
Some Christians are Pacifists and reject Just War Theory. Quakers are one of the Christian Pacifist groups. They think all violence is wrong and always look for a peaceful solution to war- they view Jesus a Pacifist and he's best moral role model.
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What is the teaching from 'Matthew 26: 51-52' about Pacifism?
One of those who were with Jesus stretched out his hand and drew his sword, and struck the slave of the high priest, and cut off his ear. Then Jesus said to him,‘Put your sword back into its place; for all who take the sword will perish by the sword
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Why are many Christians against capital punishment?
Believe that life should be protected; one of the Ten Commandments tells them to not kill; there are punishments that allow rehabilitation; Once a prisoner has changed, they may ask for forgiveness; Jesus stopped a form of capital punishment.
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What is 'the story of the woman to be stoned'?
Teachers of the law and the Pharisees brought in a woman caught in adultery. The Law Moses commands for the woman to be stoned & asked Jesus what he thought- trap to help accuse him. He said anyone without sin can stone her. Everyone left except him.
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What issues did Elizabeth Fry have with prisons?
Prisoners slept on the floor; only one tap for water; toilet was a bucket; many prisoners were ill; some were so violent- governor was scared to go in own prison; kids were shut up with murderers; kids were locked up just because their mothers were.
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What did Elizabeth Fry do about the treatment of prisoners?
Fry brought in clean clothes for prisoners; she started a school and read from the Bible; she got women prisoners to knit and sew, to earn money; in 1817 Elizabeth and her friends set up a society to make prisons better.
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Card 2

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Criminals

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These are people who have committed a crime and can be put in prison for it

Card 3

Front

Conscientious objector

Back

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Card 4

Front

Holy war

Back

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Card 5

Front

Justice

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