War and Peace

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What quote from Jesus shows Christianity as a pacifist religion?
"...all who draw the sword will die by the sword. – Matthew 26:52
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What Bible quote shows God as violent?
“…go, attack the Amalekites and totally destroy all that belongs to them." - Samuel 15:3
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Define realism
War = inevitable + beyond ethics.
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Define just war
War allowed if certain conditions met
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Define contingent pacifism
War never waged on acceptable ground - sometimes okay in theory, rarely in practice
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Define preferential pacifism
Preferential option over violence - war too destructive, economic justice = basis for peace
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Define religious pacifism
From the gospels - Jesus preached love, not violence
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Define absolute pacifism
Never right to kill other humans, no matter conseq.
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Define jus ad bellum
Justice of resorting to war
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What is the condition of just cause?
Must have good reason for going to war, e.g self defence
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What is the condition of legitimate authority?
War must be declared by a person in authority, e.g the UN
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What is the condition of right intention?
Your reason for going to war must be moral
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What is the condition of likelihood of success?
There must be a reasonable chance of winning the war, no point if people die for no reason
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What is the condition of proportionality?
In war, weapons must be proportionate to the size of the war itself
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What is the condition of last resort?
Should only go to war if all other methods of solving conflict fail
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Define jus in bello
Justice within the war
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What is the condition of non-combatant immunity?
No innocents should be harmed in the war
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What is the condition of obeying intl weapons laws?
No nuclear/biological weapons
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What is the condition of fair treatment of prisoners?
If they no longer pose a threat, shouldn't be tortured or mistreated.
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What are methods "mala en se"?
Evil in themselves, e.g ****, genocide. Shouldn't be used in war
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Why does just war theory not believe in the idea of reprisals?
Revenge can escalate violence and harm civillians
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Define jus post bellum
Justice in ending the war
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What is the condition of proportionality?
No humiliating treaties, e.g ToV
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What is the condition of discrimination?
Distinguish between soldiers, civillians, etc - latter protected
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What is the condition of rights vindication?
Secure rights to life/liberty, fix what caused war + improve country.
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What is the condition of punishment?
Should punish those who did wrong in the war
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What is the condition of compensation?
Should repair war damage (e.g rebuild schools)
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What is the condition of rehabilitation?
Reform aggressive regimes + encourage country to better future
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Give two strengths of just war theory.
Universal, combines wisdom of many philosophers
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Give two weaknesses of just war theory
Conditions are too simplistic to apply, different approach required by WMD's
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How would a utilitarian respond to war?
If it produces more happines than unhappiness, it's allowe.
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How would a follower of Kant respond to war?
Can't universalise; tohse killed used as means to end
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How would a follower of Natural Law respond to war?
Goes against "preservation of life" (escept in humanitarian circumstances)
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How would a follower of situation ethics respond to war?
Most loving thing may mean war, but not w/ excessive force
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What Bible quote shows God as violent?

Back

“…go, attack the Amalekites and totally destroy all that belongs to them." - Samuel 15:3

Card 3

Front

Define realism

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define just war

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Define contingent pacifism

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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