war

why Scotts enlisted
military pride, Scottish identity, fun, escape boring job, pay, Adventure, peer pressure, friends, didint want to miss out
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set up of the trenches
Trenches were usually about seven feet deep and six feet wide. Duck-boards were placed at the bottom to protect soldiers from problems such as trench foot,Communication trenches were dug at an angle to the front-line used by men, food,weapons
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Conditions in the trenches
Men usually only spent a few days at the front line before being sent back to reserve trenches, then back to rest and recovery positions.itching from lice bites, rats and living with the constant fear of death. constant water and mud, bad food
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tanks
caterpillar tracks allowed to cross trenches and crush barbed wire, protected advancing soldiers, broke down and stuck in mud
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Airplanes
spied on enemies, support an attack -dropped bombs and fired machine guns. ran out of fuel and easy to shoot down
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machine gun
fire 600 bluets a min, power of 100 guns, good range. heavy took 3 men to work it
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Artillery
huge gun fired shells, maximum damage, huge range, destroy trenches. bad accuracy
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Gas
kill/harm lots at one, surprise attack, gas masks developed, wind could change
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DORA
Gave government power to control people and what they did, pass laws with out parliament, railways and docks under military control, black out at night, workers sent to industries, puns hours reduced, watered beer, sensorship on newspaper and letters
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Dora 2
took over land to grow crops, all foreign citizens had to register as alien, rationing introduced and conscription
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Why did people dislike dora
people understood that extra persuasions had to be taken for safety but they disliked the fact that the government controlled so much of their lives
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why was rationing introduced
britons food ships where getting attacked by german subs so there was a foot shortage and to make sure everyone had a fair share rationing was introduced
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Why conscription
the amount of men enlisting was dropping and more soldiers where needed so men where forced to go fight 1916 single men 19-40 then 1918 all men up to 50
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impact of women on the war
women had to take the place of the men that had gone to war they made weapons, farming, nurses, drove ambulances, cooked, mechanics women where eager to support the war effort
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chonchies
people who objected to conscription due to political, moral, religious beliefs they often got given on fighting jobs or sent to work camp and forced to work they got beaten, fed poorly, some died. after the war many disowned by family and unemployed
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sotland commemorates
every city and town had a ww1 memorial and a national war memorial in Edinburgh, poppies worn, remembrance day
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economy before the war
all Scotland industries where stable and doing well especially fishing with lots of exports and little competition
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economy during the war
the war gave most industries a temporarily boost with high demand part from the fishing the seas where mostly closed and the navy had taken control
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economy After war
no demand, exporters lost, commotion and dated technology most industries declined
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reserved occupations
essential workers remained at work and could not fight
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ways women campaigned
peaceful: marches, posters, petitions, leaflets, news articles Violet: fire bombs, smashed windows, attacked MPs, changed to railings, hunger strike, protests
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rent strikes
demand for housing increased so landlord put rent up to unfair prices for current tenants who struggled to pay this so women campaigned against this the government quickly passed the rent restriction act to freeze rent at pre war prices
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why women got the vote in 1918
Womens war work : ..... rent strikes...... suffragists..... suffrage ....
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red clydeside
glasgow workers wanted less working hours and payed £1 a day. they went on strike on 27.1.1919 on 31st of jan huge crowed met in gorge square to hear what the government had to say a red flag was waved. the government rushed 12000 english troops
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red clydeside 2
incase of a revolution they had guns and tanks, all scottish troops were locked in barracks incase they joined the strikers the newspapers reported that 90000 attended and a battle broke out between police and strikers
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Homes fit for heros
prime minister promised that their would be homes for the soldiers when they return the royal commissioner investigated the housing there where a lot of issues so the 1919 addition act was passed to build the houses though money ran out
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why did liberals loose support
party split, people disliked DORA it went against what the they stood for blamed for the poor housing
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why connective grew
aimed at middle class promised to protect them from communism and kept their power and wealth safe appealed to women
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why labour gained support
aimed the lower class introduced minimum wage and controlled industries to promote people
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

set up of the trenches

Back

Trenches were usually about seven feet deep and six feet wide. Duck-boards were placed at the bottom to protect soldiers from problems such as trench foot,Communication trenches were dug at an angle to the front-line used by men, food,weapons

Card 3

Front

Conditions in the trenches

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

tanks

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Airplanes

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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