Vygotskys theory of cog development

What did Vygotsky believe?
Childrens reading abilities develop in a particiular sequence and that such abilities are qualitively different at different stages
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What is the Zone of proximal development? (zpd)
Vygotsky identified a gap between a childs current level of development (what they can understand on their own) and what they understand with interaction of expert others. The gap is ZPD
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what did Vygotsky add emphasis on?
the role of learning through interaction with others.
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What is an example of Vygotsky?
It is expert assistance allowing a child to cross a subject or situation as they are capable. Like maths topic for example.
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What are children limited in (in terms of ZPD)?
They are limited in terms of developmental stage.Vygotsky believed that children develop a more advanced understanding of a situation and hence the more advanced reasoning abilities needed to deal with it by learning from others.
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What else did Vygotsky believe that children were developing?
Not just saying that children learn more facts from social interaction but also that they acquire more advanced reasoning abilties.Higher Mental Functions like formal reasoning are only acquired via interaction with more advanced others.
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What is Scaffolding?
Refers to all the help adult sand more advanced peers give a child to help them to cross the ZPD.
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What are the five aspects to scaffolding?
Recruitement, Reduction of degrees of freedom, Direction maintance , Marking critical features , Demonstration
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Recruitment:
engaging the childs interest in the task
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Reduction of degrees of freedom:
focusing the child on the task and where to start with solving it.
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Direction maintance:
encouraging the child in order help them to stay motivated and continue trying to complete the task.
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Marking critical feautures:
highlighting the most important parts of the task
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Demonstration:
showing the child how to do aspects of the task.
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What are cultural influences with Vygotsky?
Key driving force in CD and they came through interactions with others and through language. Experts transmit culture to children using language.Reasoning abilities are acquire through language
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What did Vygotsky believe children are born with?
elementary mental functions such as perception and memory.These are transformed into higher mental functions by the influence of culture
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What are elementary mental functions?
biological and a form of natural development. HIgher mental functions are exclusively human.
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What is the role of culture with vygotsky theory?
transform elementary mental functions into higher mental functions
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Card 2

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What is the Zone of proximal development? (zpd)

Back

Vygotsky identified a gap between a childs current level of development (what they can understand on their own) and what they understand with interaction of expert others. The gap is ZPD

Card 3

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what did Vygotsky add emphasis on?

Back

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Card 4

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What is an example of Vygotsky?

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Card 5

Front

What are children limited in (in terms of ZPD)?

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