Vygotsky

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What is the sociocultural approach?
The idea that cognitive development is due to interaction with more experienced members of a child's culture.
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How do children's capabilities become more complex?
Certain capabilities like attention and memory can develop when interacting with adults.
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What is the benefit of having access to mediators?
They can help children to understand the world and to solve problems more effectively.
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Why is the zone of proximal development a useful model?
It shows how cognitive development is influenced by adult-child interaction, and allows assessment of a child's potential capabilities when in the optimum environment.
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What is scaffolding?
When the adult adjusts the type and amount of support to fit the child's learning needs over the course of interaction, as all children have different learning needs.
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Why is scaffolding important?
There is evidence to show that children's cognitive development can be improved through appropriate scaffolding.
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What does the work by Hammond, Muller, Carpendale, Bibok, and Liebermann-Finestone (2012) show about the predictive ability of scaffolding?
Scaffolding at age 2 had an indirect effect on executive functions at age 4, through verbal ability at age 3.
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Why is language important for children?
Allows children to understand others and to access/ express their own ideas.
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What did Vygotsky suggest about the link between speech and language?
They are independent before the age of 2.
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What are the benefits of ego-centric speech?
It can help the child to problem solve and directs the child's thought processes.
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Why did Vygotsky suggest that pretend play is important for children?
They learn new skills or can act out new internal ideas or rules they've learnt in the real world. They also develop self-control, because they have to play a role.
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Why couldn't the pps in the central Asian research answer the question posed by Vygotsky about the colour of bears?
They had little experience with operational thinking, so couldn't deduce the answer, and lack of abstract thinking, they can only focus on the here and now.
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What are some practical applications of Vygotsky's theory?
Reciprocal instruction (method of tutoring for reading comprehension); community of learners (guided, collaborative classroom learning); guided participation (adults guide children's attention).
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What are some strength of Vygotsky's theory?
Useful if all the cultural factors are present; a universal theory; focuses on the interaction between developmental and cultural processes.
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What are some weaknesses of Vygotsky's theory?
Didn't examine if and in what ways development may affect culture; focused on school interactions; assistance may undermine a child's ability to work independently.
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Card 2

Front

How do children's capabilities become more complex?

Back

Certain capabilities like attention and memory can develop when interacting with adults.

Card 3

Front

What is the benefit of having access to mediators?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why is the zone of proximal development a useful model?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is scaffolding?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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