Voting Behaviour

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Political Socialisation
Process by which people acquire their political attitudes, values and ways of behaving.
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Social Determinism
Voting is largely a products of the social situation/characteristics of the voter.
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Social Class
The division of individuals into district groups according to occupation, education and background
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The British Market Research Society
A/B=28%. C1=29%. C2=19%. D/E=23%.
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Social Mobility
Moving from one social class to another (occupation) usually an upwards move.
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Embourgeoisment
The tendency of some of the working classes with aspirations of social mobility to adopt middle class behaviour in terms of social outlook and voting.
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Partisanship
Stable long-term feeling of positive attachment and identification with one of the main two parties.
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Two Party System
In no election between 1945-1966 did Lab and Cons combined vote fall below 87.5%. Libs not believed represent any particular class-no partisan support. Thus emerged our present 2party system- Liberals now LD's.
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Core Vote
Each of the 2 main parties has a group of voters who always vote for them, mainly due to partisanship and social class allegiances.
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Alignment
Allegiance/association of voters to a party. Either partisan (long term allegiance to party) or class (strong association of social class to party.)
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Dealignment
Breakdown of allegiance/association of voters to a party.
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Democracy
Power is ultimately in the hands of the whole population and no smaller group has the right to rule.
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Direct Democracy
It involves people power or the elf-government of the people. Citizens make decisions themselves.
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Representative Democracy
Citizens elect representatives to make decisions for them. People play no part in it.
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Accountable
Elected representatives are accountable to the electorate (not happy with MP/local councils, citizens organise against them.)
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Liberal Democracies
Such as the UK are representative democracies whose authority stems from the whole adult population voting in free and fair elections where there is open competition.
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Parliamentary Democracy
In a PD the legislature (Parliament) and executive (Government) are elected at the same time. Although this form of democracy has come under attack from both the 'left' and 'right' wing.
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Participatory Democracy
Development of direct personal involvement by the voters via the internet websites, t.v and mobile.
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Second Order Elections
Contests other than general elections, e.g local and regional. Some this 2nd order are less important because they don't determine which party is in gov.
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By-Election
Held between general elections to fill a seat that has become vacant due to resignation, expulsion or death of an elected representative.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Voting is largely a products of the social situation/characteristics of the voter.

Back

Social Determinism

Card 3

Front

The division of individuals into district groups according to occupation, education and background

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A/B=28%. C1=29%. C2=19%. D/E=23%.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Moving from one social class to another (occupation) usually an upwards move.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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