Vocab on Water

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  • Created by: Georgia
  • Created on: 01-12-13 10:52
Aquifier
A rock layer that is permable to the flow of groundwater
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Evapotranspiration
The water lost through combined effects of evaportation and transpiration
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Surface runoff
When water flows over the surface of the ground
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Infiltration
The downward movement of water that seeps into soil/porous rock
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Interception
When plants prevent rainfall from directly reaching the ground
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Water table
Top level of the ground water
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Percolation
The movement of water through the soil or underlying porous rock. This water collects as groundwater.
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Conventional rainfall
Mainly in the Tropics where the Sun rays are most concentrated. Water evaporates - then it rises - then it cools, condenses forms clouds and rains
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Relief rainfall
Presence of mountains causes air to rise - then it cools, condenses forms clouds and rains.
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Frontal rainfall
Hot and cold air meet in the mid-latitude zone which causes the hot air to rise and the cold air to sik. This hot air rises - then it cools, condenses forms clouds and rains
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Source
Where the river starts
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Confluence
The place where two rivers join
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Channel
Body of water that flows deeper in the centre
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Tributary
Any small river joining the main one
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Drainage basin
The area of land drained by the river and all its tributaries. AKA catchment area
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Mouth
The end of the river, where it meets the sea or a lake
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Overland flow
When water flows over the surface of the ground
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Throughflow
The movement of water with in the soil sideways, towards the river
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The water lost through combined effects of evaportation and transpiration

Back

Evapotranspiration

Card 3

Front

When water flows over the surface of the ground

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The downward movement of water that seeps into soil/porous rock

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

When plants prevent rainfall from directly reaching the ground

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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