Vitamins

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Vitamin A
Fat soluble
1 of 50
Rich food source
1. Retinol - Animal foods, oil fish and margarine 2. Carotene - Vegetable foods, red and orange fruit and vegetables
2 of 50
Function in the diet
Healthy kin, aids vision in dim light as it is used to create visual purple (needed by retina)
3 of 50
Deficiency disease
Night blindness - unable to see in dim light
4 of 50
Vitamin D
Fat soluble
5 of 50
Rich food source
Sunlight, margarine, oily fish, nuts
6 of 50
Function in the diet
Controls the amount of calcium absorbed in the diet
7 of 50
Deficiency disease
1. Rickets (in children) 2. Osteoporosis/osteomalacia (in adults)
8 of 50
Vitamin E
Fat soluble
9 of 50
Rich food source
Wheat germ, vegetable oils, leafy vegetables, nuts
10 of 50
Function in the diet
It is a natural antioxidant, which can protect the body from free radical damage
11 of 50
Deficiency disease
Deficiency is rare
12 of 50
Vitamin K
Fat soluble
13 of 50
Rich food source
Green, leafy vegetables
14 of 50
Function in the diet
Normal blood clotting
15 of 50
Deficiency disease
Coagulation of blood
16 of 50
Vitamin B1 - Thiamine
Water soluble
17 of 50
Rich food source
Brown rice, fortified, cereals, liver, eggs
18 of 50
Function in the diet
Helps the body to convert food from the diet into energy (particularly protein, fat and carbohydrates)
19 of 50
Deficiency disease
Beri Beri
20 of 50
Vitamin B2 - Riboflavin
Water soluble
21 of 50
Rich food source
Fortified cereals, dairy, green vegetables
22 of 50
Function in the diet
Helps to convert carbohydrates into glucose
23 of 50
Deficiency disease
Cracked and sore lips and mouth
24 of 50
Vitamin B3 - Niacin
Water soluble
25 of 50
Rich food source
Fortified cereals, meat, fish, egg
26 of 50
Function in the diet
Essential for releasing energy from protein, fats and carbohydrates
27 of 50
Deficiency disease
Pallegra skin disorder
28 of 50
Vitamin B6 - Pyridoxine
Water soluble
29 of 50
Rich food source
Nuts, wheat, green vegetables
30 of 50
Function in the diet
Healthy brain function
31 of 50
Deficiency disease
Necklace pallegra
32 of 50
Vitamin B9 - Folic Acid
Water soluble
33 of 50
Rich food source
Green leafy vegetables, wholegrains, beans, legumes
34 of 50
Function in the diet
Normal development of the spinal cord (neural tube) in the foetus in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy
35 of 50
Deficiency disease
Spina bifida in foetus
36 of 50
Vitamin B12
Water soluble
37 of 50
Rich food source
Animal foods - eggs, meat, poultry, milk
38 of 50
Function in the diet
Normal formation of red blood cells and the correct functioning of the nervous system
39 of 50
Deficiency disease
Pernicious anaemia (swollen tongue, enlarged red blood cells)
40 of 50
Vitamin C - Ascorbic Acid
Water soluble
41 of 50
Rich food sources
Citrus fruits, strawberries, tomatoes, green peppers
42 of 50
Function in the diet
Promotes a healthy immune system and helps to form collagen (to assist growth and repair of body tissues)
43 of 50
Deficiency disease
Scurvey
44 of 50
What are water soluble vitamins easily destroyed by?
Heat
45 of 50
By law, what is margarine fortified with?
Vitamin A and D
46 of 50
Which mineral does vitamin D have an inter relationship with?
Calcium
47 of 50
Which mineral does vitamin C have an inter relationship with?
Iron
48 of 50
What does vitamin C do to iron?
It reduces it to a ferrous state
49 of 50
Which vitamin is injected into babies moments after delivery?
Vitamin K
50 of 50

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Rich food source

Back

1. Retinol - Animal foods, oil fish and margarine 2. Carotene - Vegetable foods, red and orange fruit and vegetables

Card 3

Front

Function in the diet

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Deficiency disease

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Vitamin D

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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