1. What does an invalid cue do in the cueing paradigm (Posner, 1980)?
- Indicates the speed that the target will appear
- Indicates the location a target will appear in
- Indicates a location where the target will not appear
- Indicates the physical characteristics of the target
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2. What does Posner's (1980) cueing paradigm suggest?
- Target detection is more accurate when it is presented at the cued location
- Target detection is fastest when it is presented at the cued location
- Target detection is slowest when it is presented at the cued location
- Target detection is less accurate when it is presented at the cued location
3. What were participants asked to categorise in LaBerge's (1983) focused condition?
- First letter of the word
- Last letter of the word
- Middle letter of the word
- The whole word
4. How did LaBerge's (1983) study show that the attentional 'spotlight' does appear to zoom in and out?
- Accuracy was better in the unfocused condition
- Accuracy was better in the focused condition
- Reaction times were quicker in the unfocused condition
- Reaction times were quicker in the focused condition
5. What does the multiple spotlight model of visual attention suggest?
- Can conserve cognitive resources by avoiding attending to irrelevant regions of visual space
- Attention enhances the efficiency of detection of events within its beam
- The window of attention can be increased and decreased with task demands
- Attention selects from objects themselves, rather than potentially empty regions of space