Visual Selective Attention

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1. What does an invalid cue do in the cueing paradigm (Posner, 1980)?

  • Indicates the speed that the target will appear
  • Indicates the location a target will appear in
  • Indicates a location where the target will not appear
  • Indicates the physical characteristics of the target
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2. What does Posner's (1980) cueing paradigm suggest?

  • Target detection is more accurate when it is presented at the cued location
  • Target detection is fastest when it is presented at the cued location
  • Target detection is slowest when it is presented at the cued location
  • Target detection is less accurate when it is presented at the cued location

3. What were participants asked to categorise in LaBerge's (1983) focused condition?

  • First letter of the word
  • Last letter of the word
  • Middle letter of the word
  • The whole word

4. How did LaBerge's (1983) study show that the attentional 'spotlight' does appear to zoom in and out?

  • Accuracy was better in the unfocused condition
  • Accuracy was better in the focused condition
  • Reaction times were quicker in the unfocused condition
  • Reaction times were quicker in the focused condition

5. What does the multiple spotlight model of visual attention suggest?

  • Can conserve cognitive resources by avoiding attending to irrelevant regions of visual space
  • Attention enhances the efficiency of detection of events within its beam
  • The window of attention can be increased and decreased with task demands
  • Attention selects from objects themselves, rather than potentially empty regions of space

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