Vietnam war

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Why did Kennedy increase involvement in Vietnam
JFK had written a book critising british appeasement in hitler in ww2 and was not determined to make same mistake with comunism, USA was a great economic power so can do, Didn't want to be soft on communism
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Who critised Truman for being soft on communism
Mccarthy so all the presidents in order to get domestic support had to appear hard on communism.
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Who trained sv army?
Green berets
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How many did kennedy increase military advisers by?
from 1000 in 1961- 16,000 by 1963
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what did diem ask for in october 1961
More us advisors and equipment
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Who did kennedy send as a response to diems request?
Maxwell taylor who assed the situation in V. He reported there were large scale attacks from Vietcong on ARVN and diem now called for Combat troops.
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What sdid the taylor report suggest?
To send US trooops and bomb n v, bu K rejected this as he feared us would get stuck in sending troops and would be more pressure to send troops
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What president got sucked into supplying troops
Johnson
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what did kennedy do in the end of the talor report
He sent some us troops which was to prevent the war from becoming poltical and soultion was to increase us aid rather than Diem to win hearts and mind of Vietnamese peasants
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What did Kennedy send addition military aid under
MIlitary assistance command vietnam which was under general Harkins
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What did MACV include
Napalm and rolling thunder
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Why ddi the preasants turn again kennedy?
He tried to bomb the ho chi minh trial but he failed every time and kept killing the peasants homes instead.
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Ap bac
1963. Outcombered VC 10:1 and has us equipment and because of poor motivation theyw ere slow to attack. ONly 3 VC died.
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How did Diem chose milirary advisors?
People who were loyal to him rather than having any militrry power which meant they were weak
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What president warned Kennedy not to get involed in v?
French presaident de Gaulle
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What did us finace in 1962?
Strategic hamlets, which were villages to seperate them from VC. This made the peasants more symptahtic to the VC.
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What happened in 1963 to a buddist
A buddist monk was set on fire in the centre of saigon in protest against Diems Anti buddist policies in 1963.
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What did the monk burning himself lead to?
Nationwide unrest which spread to the army and 92% of V was buddist.
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Who was vice president?
Lydon johnson
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Who was us ambassador in Saigon?
Lodge
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when was diem arrested and killed?
1st November 1932 and was murdered a day later
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3 opportunities he missed to withdraw from v?
1. Proposal by NV in 1962 supported by china, for neutralisatrion of V 2. Victory in Cuban Missile crsis, which convinced the us public thay he was a strong anti communist leader and 3. Buddist crisi created public mood in us which could withdraw
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what did the victory in Cuban Missile crsis mean?
Victory in Cuban Missile crsis, which convinced the us public thay he was a strong anti communist leader
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What did LBJ use the Gulf of tonkin for?
To justify bombing in NV in 1965 and to move the US ground troops to the south,
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What did gulf of tonkin do to LBJ's approval rate?>
It went frp, 42% - 72% which enabled him to win the election in NOvember 1964
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Why did us troops land in March 1965?
They needed to defend air base at Da Nang which bombing raids were being launched which started rolling thunder
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How many ground troops were placed at Da Nang?
200000 in 1965 and 500,000 in 1968
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Why did LBJ order bombing of NV
IN response to a series of communist attacks, Brinks hotel in Saigon, killing 2 us officers and attack on US base ay Pleiku in Feb
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What base was attacked in 1965
Pleiku
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what did west moreland come up with in 1965
search and destroy
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LA drang victory?
November 1965, 3500 NV soliders killed compared with 305 US.
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How many bombs were dropped in V?
3x as much as in WW2.
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What was troop number in 1968?
530,000
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In 1967 what did westmoreland claim?
USA was winning the wore.
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what deomstraions were there in 1967
New york of 200,000
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When did MLK condem the war? and who was upset about it ?
1967 and Johnson as this meant an increase in rebellious youth culture were now against the war
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What anti war teach in was in 1965
University in Berkely with 20,000
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How many uni teach ins in 1965?
120
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Who would stand against LBj in 1968?
Mccarthy as a anti war democrat
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who was Walter Cronkite?
USA most respected TV journalist came out against the war and LBJ said that if he lost cronkite he lost US
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What was LBJ's approval rate in mrch 1968?
26%
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Who critised Truman for being soft on communism

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Mccarthy so all the presidents in order to get domestic support had to appear hard on communism.

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Who trained sv army?

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How many did kennedy increase military advisers by?

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what did diem ask for in october 1961

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