Vietnam War

  • Created by: JackDo77
  • Created on: 25-09-17 11:37
What was the date of Operation Menu and where did it occur?
18th March 1969 Cambodia by the United States
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How much did the Vietnam War cost in US$?
$167 billion
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What was the Phoenix Programme?
covert ops of sv and us soldiers that tortured vc leaders
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What was OPLAN 34A?
covert commandos from sv completing infiltration missions
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What was the main aim of the USA in Operation Menu?
damage Ho Chi Minh Trail; pressure NV into peace agreement; Boost moral of SV
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What pro-American leader overthrew the previous communist leader in Cambodia and what was the their names?
pro US = Lon Nol, communist = Prince Norodom Sihanouk
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How many SV troops were sent to Laos?
30,000
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What is the definition of Realpolitik? (used in China)
a system of policies and principles that disregard moral ideology to benefit the practicality of a situation
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What was the 'Artichoke Approach'?
deal with the situation one step at a time
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What famous quote did Nixon use to describe Chinese communists? (negatively)
'they want the world'
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Why did the Tet Offensive play to America's advantage?
Because although there was a lot of losses on both sides it massivly weakened the VC
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Why was the Gulf of Tonkin inccident important?
US thought that the USS Maddox was under attack from Vietnam after they broke the Geneva Accord. Excuse to try and make Vietnam capitalist.
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What domestic pressures made the Vietnam War more difficult for Johnson and Nixon? (2 marks)
2 million people took the day off work in 200 cities for peaceful protest, Kent state masacre (4 students killed by National Guard for peaceful protest)
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What was the Kent State Massacre? (2 marks)
4 students killed at Kent State University by the National Guard for peaceful protests
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What was Operation Linebacker and when did it start? (2 marks)
the introduction of bombing raids in Vietnam by the US. May 1972
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What was Operation Linebacker 2 and when did it start? (2 marks)
similar to Linebacker 1, Linebacker 2 was to use 'maximum effort' against NV in December 1972
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How many planes did the USA loose as a result of Linebacker 2 and how much did each plane cost? ( 2 marks)
15 planes, $8 million
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How many American soliders died in the Vietnam War? (1 mark)
nearly 46,000
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How many North Vietnemse and Viet Cong soldiers died in the Vietnam War? (1 mark)
over 922,000
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What happened in March 1975? (2 marks)
Spring Offensive. NV and VC stormed the South and captured Vietnam once America stopped supporting Vietnam
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What were the main reasons for the USA to abandon Vietnam (4 marks)
- Costly war - containment less important to USA - Peaceful coexistence increasing in likelihood with USSR and China - Vietnam no longer in American geographical interest
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What was Operation Arc light? (1 mark)
introduction of B-52 bombers as part of Linebacker 2
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Who was Pol Pot?
Communist prime minister of Cambodia during Vietnam War. led the Khmer Rouge
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What was the Khmer Rouge?
Cambodian communist party that fought against the USA
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Card 2

Front

How much did the Vietnam War cost in US$?

Back

$167 billion

Card 3

Front

What was the Phoenix Programme?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was OPLAN 34A?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the main aim of the USA in Operation Menu?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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