Variety of Living Organisms

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What cellular structure do plants have?
Multicellular
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What do plants contain that help carry out photosynthesis?
Chloroplasts
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What are chloroplasts and what do they do?
They are green pigment which trap light energy for photosynthesis
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What type of cell walls do plants have?
Cellulose cell walls
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What do plants store carbohydrates as?
Starch or sucrose
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What cellular structure do animals have?
Multicellular
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Are animals able to carry out photosynthesis and why?
No because their cells do not contain chloroplasts
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What cell feature does a animal not contain that plants do?
Cell wall
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What feature enables animals to move?
Their nervous coordination
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What do animals store carbohydrates as?
Glycogen
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What type of organism can not carry out photosynthesis a)plants b)fungi c)Bacteria
b) Fungi
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What sort of structure does Fungi have?
It has a mycellium made structure made up of thread like structures called hyphae.
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What do hyphae contain?
Many nuclei
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What are fungi cells made of?
Chitin
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Fungi feed by saprotrophic nutrition...what is saprotrophic nutrition?
It is where they feed by extracellular secretion of digestive enzymes onto food material and absorption of the organic products.
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What do Fungi store carbohydrates as?
Glycogen ( same as animals )
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What type of organisms are Bacteria?
Microscopic single-celled organisms
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What do Bacteria contain?
Cell wall, Cell membrane, cytoplasm, plasmids and a circular chromosome of DNA
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What do Bacteria not contain?
A nucleus.
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Can a) all b)most c)some bacteria carry out photosynthesis?
c)some
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What do most bacteria feed on?
Living/dead organisms
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What type of organism is a Protoctist?
Microscopic single celled organisms
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Amoeba is a protoctist that live in pond water...what features does Amoeba replicate?
Animal cells, Amoeba is known for having features like an animal cell.
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Chlorella is also a protoctist, what features does Chlorella replicate?
Chlorella has features that replicate a plant cell as they contain chloroplasts an can carry out photosynthesis.
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Plasmodium is a pathogenic protoctist that causes...?
Malaria
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Are viruses parasitic particles or parasitic cells?
Parasitic particles
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Do all viruses hold the same structure?
No, all viruses come in a variety of different shapes and sizes.
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Describe the structure of a virus
A virus has no cellular structure but have a protein coat and contain one type of nucleic acid either called DNA or RNA
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What are pathogens?
Pathogens are micro-organisms that cause disease
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What can pathogens be?
fungi, bacteria, protoctists and viruses.
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Card 2

Front

What do plants contain that help carry out photosynthesis?

Back

Chloroplasts

Card 3

Front

What are chloroplasts and what do they do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What type of cell walls do plants have?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What do plants store carbohydrates as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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