Utilitarianism

HideShow resource information
Who developed the theory 'Utilitaranism?'
Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832)
1 of 13
What kind of theory is it considered to be?
Relativisitic, Consequentalist and Teleological Theory
2 of 13
What was the main principle of utility?
'The greatest happiness for the greatest number'
3 of 13
What 7 factors does the Hedonic Calculus consist of?
Intensity, Duration, Certainity, Extent, Remoteness, Richness, Purity
4 of 13
How did John Stuart Mill view Benthams version of Utilitarianism?
John Stuart Mill found fatal flaws with Benthams theory and in his version, shifted the focus off the quantity of happiness to the quality of pleasure.
5 of 13
What did John Stuart Mill Develop?
A system of 'Higher' and 'Lower' pleasures
6 of 13
What are 'Higher' pleasures?
Pleasure of using our intellect
7 of 13
What did mill say?
'It is better to be a human being dissastisfied than a pig satisfied, better to be Socrates dissastisfied than a fool satisfied'
8 of 13
What are 'Lower' pleasures?
'Lower' Pleasures are inferior pleasures of the body
9 of 13
What is Rule Utilitarianism?
Rules which fill the principle of utility based off past experience
10 of 13
What do Rule Utilitarians believe?
By using the principle of utility, you can draw up general rules based on past experience for example: 'Do not murder'
11 of 13
Whats a Strong Rule Utilitarian?
Believes that any rules created using the 'Principle of Utility' should never be broken as rules were made to promote happiness
12 of 13
What is a Weak Rule Utilitarian?
Tries to allow that in extreme cases a rule created from using the POU needs to be broken in order to achieve the greatest happiness
13 of 13

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What kind of theory is it considered to be?

Back

Relativisitic, Consequentalist and Teleological Theory

Card 3

Front

What was the main principle of utility?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What 7 factors does the Hedonic Calculus consist of?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did John Stuart Mill view Benthams version of Utilitarianism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Ethics resources »