utilitarianism

what type of theory is it?
Consequential and teleological
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Quotation by Bentham
'Two sovergein masters, pain and pleasure'
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Who is the founder of utilitarianism
Bentham
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what is the hedonic calculus?
a tool used to measure happiness produced from an act
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what are the elements of he hedonic calculus?
Intensity,Duration,Certainty,Propinquity,Extent,Richness,Purity
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ACT
Betham-each situaion is unique, uses the hedonic calculus
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RULE
Mill-rules from the 'principle of utility' based on the past
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How is strong utilitariansim different to weak?
strong is absolutist and weak is relativistic
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a weakness?
predictions could be wrong
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a strength?
it is a deomocratic morality
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a weakness?
difficult to quantify pleasure
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a strength?
there are clear decision making systems
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a weakness?
happiness is subjective
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a strength?
higher and lower pleasures-avoid the swine theory
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a weakness?
some pain is good (childbirth)
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a strength?
it is natural to consider the cosequences of actions
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Card 2

Front

Quotation by Bentham

Back

'Two sovergein masters, pain and pleasure'

Card 3

Front

Who is the founder of utilitarianism

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what is the hedonic calculus?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what are the elements of he hedonic calculus?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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