USSR & WWII

HideShow resource information
When was the alliance between Britain, USA and USSR? and what was it called?
1942 - the Great Alliance
1 of 31
How many factories were relocated to the east when WWII began?
1523
2 of 31
What percentage of USSRs national income was devoted to war in 1942?
56%
3 of 31
What happened to the production of armaments between 1941 and 1942?
It almost doubled
4 of 31
How many factories were built and dedicated to armaments?
3500
5 of 31
When did USSR outproduce Germany?
in the second half of 1942
6 of 31
What was Nazi economy like?
It lacked direction - more money was spent on living standards, the economic boss opposed the introduction of mass production in German aircraft industry
7 of 31
Who was the German economic minister?
Goering
8 of 31
What percentage did women make up of the workforce?
75%
9 of 31
How long did the people of Leningrad last under siege?
900 days
10 of 31
What was the working week like for workers?
7-day week and a 10-12 hour shift
11 of 31
What did Stalin refer to USSR as in attempt to stir patriotic feelings among citizens?
the Motherland
12 of 31
Why did Stalin refer to USSR as the motherland?
Because he realised that people would not fight an ideological war, but that would a nationalistic one
13 of 31
How many Russian Orthodox Churches were reopened?
414
14 of 31
Why was it pragmatic to re-establish the church?
many Russians saw it as an important part of national identity, they looked to the church for guidance
15 of 31
How did Metropolitan Sergey respond to Stalin?
He stated that Stalin was Gods chosen leader
16 of 31
What kind of nicknames did Stalin encourage people to refer to the Germans as?
Traditional German names like 'Fritz'
17 of 31
What did the British and Americans do to divert Germanys attention?
the bombers targeted German cities so the airforce couldnt concentrate on USSR, following the D-Day landings they opened a 3rd front against Germany in France
18 of 31
What percentage of USSRs aeroplanes, tanks and artillery did USA supply through the lend-lease programme?
12% planes, 10% tanks and 2% artillery
19 of 31
Where did the Lend-Lease program make the biggest contributions?
in food and consumer goods - supplied 17% of food
20 of 31
How much food did 12 million soldiers receive from the USA per day?
200 grams
21 of 31
How many tonnes of SPAM were supplied?
782,973
22 of 31
What was Germany's biggest mistake concerning geography?
they were unprepared for Soviet winter, petrol froze, they didnt have enough clothing and the snow meant that the army couldnt reach Moscow
23 of 31
What happened to Hitlers leadership?
as his self-confidence grew, his ability to guide the war effectively proved inadequate
24 of 31
Why was allowing siege to occur a mistake on behalf of the Germans?
it allowed the USSR to prepare defence
25 of 31
What was a decisive victory for USSR?
The Battle of Kursk
26 of 31
What percentage of Soviet citizens died during the Great Patriotic War?
10%
27 of 31
How much of USSR was lost to the Germans after the first 6 months of attack?
2/5 of the population, 1/2 of the material assets
28 of 31
What does historian Robert Service say of Stalins wartime leadership?
"Stalin was attempting to be the Lenin and Trotsky of the German-Soviet conflict"
29 of 31
What does historian Robert Service say of the relationship between the allies?
USSR depended on the western allies economically, while the western allies depended on the USSRs military successes
30 of 31
What does historian Robert Service say on German mistakes?
"if it had not been for Hitler's fanatical racism, the USSR would have won the struggle on the Eastern front"
31 of 31

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many factories were relocated to the east when WWII began?

Back

1523

Card 3

Front

What percentage of USSRs national income was devoted to war in 1942?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happened to the production of armaments between 1941 and 1942?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many factories were built and dedicated to armaments?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Russia - 19th and 20th century resources »