ussr ; fall ; political failures ; impact on party

gorby became inreasingly frustrated with his failure to change whose minds?
conservative party members
1 of 58
reform failure left many reformers convinced the solution was to move towards wht?
pluralism
2 of 58
what is pluralism?
political system with more than one political party in elections
3 of 58
pluralism opened multi-party system where communists would have to do what?
earn thier right to govern
4 of 58
IMPACT ON COMMUNIST PARTY UNITY
ddg
5 of 58
- increasing party divisions
gdgg
6 of 58
gorby's failure to bring substantial reform to party alienated which two groups?
'liberals' and 'conservatives'
7 of 58
increasing divisions undermined who's authority?
groby
8 of 58
who struggled to do what?
find common ground
9 of 58
- alienating reformers
dgdgd
10 of 58
who was one of the more radical reformers?
yeltsin
11 of 58
for that group there was increasing realisation of what?
party woudlnt carry throughreforms
12 of 58
disagreements between gorby and yeltsin came to a head t what event?
plenum of the central committee
13 of 58
when?
october '87
14 of 58
yeltsin openly attacked groby's approach to reform as being?
too slow
15 of 58
what happened to him?
sacked as party first secretary in moscow
16 of 58
and removed from?
politburo
17 of 58
when?
february '88
18 of 58
- alienating conservatives
dfgdfg
19 of 58
when did hard-line communists attempt to strike back + gain some control?
march '88
20 of 58
while gorby was where?
on diplomatic trip to yugoslavia
21 of 58
what letter was published in newspaper?
sovetskaya russia
22 of 58
by unnown communist?
nina andreeva
23 of 58
letter complained about constant undermining of whose work?
stalin
24 of 58
and attacked glasnost for what?
demoralising impact
25 of 58
who was acting leader in gorby's absence?
ligachev
26 of 58
took initiative and used letter as opportunity to do what?
attack reform pace
27 of 58
why was support for this especially worrying for gorby?
not only stalin broner folks but also ppl of his own appts like chebrikov
28 of 58
- development of factions
gdgd
29 of 58
arguemtns between libs and cons occured where?
in politburo / central committee
30 of 58
impact of democratisation was to open up both sides to?
possibility of both sides appealing to wider public for support
31 of 58
were party factiosn allowed?
no
32 of 58
informal groups started to emerge during elections for?
congress of people's deputies
33 of 58
reformers like yeltsin formed?
inter-regional group
34 of 58
and conservatives formed?
soyuz
35 of 58
for those worried about upholding what?
territorial integrity of ussr
36 of 58
when congress met these groups formed unofficial opposition to hwat?
gov
37 of 58
- abolition of article 6
dgdgd
38 of 58
if party couldn't be reformed then what was the only logical conclusion?
end party's political monopoly
39 of 58
article 6 of constitution sated communist party held position of?
'leading and guiding force of society and the nucleus of its political system'
40 of 58
this article enshrined what?
the one-party astate
41 of 58
and therfore became target for critics that wished to do what?
push for real democracy
42 of 58
how did conservatives within party view article?
non-negotiable
43 of 58
when did groby finally repeal it?
march '90
44 of 58
why?
growing liberal opp and continued resisance
45 of 58
this ended party's monopoly and now allowed what?
other patries to contest electons
46 of 58
by end of what year were commies powerless?
'90
47 of 58
what had local soviet elections seen?
communists defeated cross-country
48 of 58
in leningrad opposition secured what % seats?
60%
49 of 58
non-russian republic support for nationalist groups grw especially wher?
baltic states
50 of 58
yeltslin scored victory for his newly formed group?
democratic platform
51 of 58
in elections for what?
russian congress of people's deputies
52 of 58
in what month did he resign from party?
june
53 of 58
political vacuum in central gov filled @ least temporarily by election of?
gorbachev
54 of 58
to position of?
president of ussr
55 of 58
by?
congress of people's deputies
56 of 58
in theory presidential rule replaced?
party ryle
57 of 58
in practice where had power shifted?
from centre to regions
58 of 58

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

reform failure left many reformers convinced the solution was to move towards wht?

Back

pluralism

Card 3

Front

what is pluralism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

pluralism opened multi-party system where communists would have to do what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

IMPACT ON COMMUNIST PARTY UNITY

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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