ussr ; fall ; political failures ; glasnost + need for party reform

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whole apparatus of party and state had become?
huge and unmanageable
1 of 48
under brezhnev grown to resemble what that competed against each other?
power blocs of vested interest
2 of 48
rivalry wasteful and competition between different branches of admin led to hwat?
corruption + nepotism
3 of 48
trend coupled w/ issues of relations between central planning apparatus in moscow and what?
regional level in each republic
4 of 48
gorby recognised whole system needed?
streamlining
5 of 48
ths would provide additional benefit of offering opportunity to do what?
remove anti-reform officials
6 of 48
need for reform highlighted by impact of?
glasnost
7 of 48
IMPACT OF GLASNOST
DGD
8 of 48
started as method of getting what to revitalise party?
new ideas
9 of 48
and re-engage who w/ party?
population
10 of 48
then descended into open attack on what?
corrupt practices
11 of 48
- key criticisms
fgdfg
12 of 48
complaints about what social development were poor?
housing
13 of 48
investigations of svoiet history revealed details about what dark time?
stalin's terror
14 of 48
what big thing in the '30s?
famine
15 of 48
and worst of all the smersh thing?
katyn massacre
16 of 48
where over how many polish officers died?
400
17 of 48
when?
may '40
18 of 48
under whose orders?
stalin's
19 of 48
when was the mass grave discovered and by who?
german troops april '43
20 of 48
who did gov blame on?
germans
21 of 48
even the more sensitive issue of what outcome of wwii discussed?
soviet victory
22 of 48
myth of great patriotic war undermined by revalations of what?
reckless waste of human lives
23 of 48
whatwere a popular topic?
environmental issues
24 of 48
promotes by exposes on damaging impact of what on aral sea?
gov irrigation schemes
25 of 48
difficult for gorby to do what with glasnost even if he wanted to?
stop it
26 of 48
soviet gov response to what event convinced him glasnost was essential?
chernobyl nuclear accident
27 of 48
when?
april '86
28 of 48
accident there resulted in what over north eurpoe?
wave radioactive fallout
29 of 48
no official announcement made by soviet gov until forced to respond to what?
unrgent calls for information
30 of 48
after scientists in scandinavia did what?
picked up readings of unusually high radioactivity in airspace
31 of 48
soviet gov delayed admission had disastrous effects for?
own people
32 of 48
as what was delayed?
evacuation of ppl living in toxic areas
33 of 48
result increase in cases of wich two things?
leukaemia / birth deformities
34 of 48
chernobyl affair reflects many what?
weaknesses of soviet union
35 of 48
what was badly managed?
nuclear power plant
36 of 48
used what?
outdated equipment
37 of 48
had poor record of?
health and safety
38 of 48
and deficiencies covered up by?
secrecy and evasion
39 of 48
also did little to help what for gorby?
international rep
40 of 48
to gorby what did whole thing seem to provide?
urgent justification 4 glasnost
41 of 48
by what year was soviet pop. more politicised thanks to glasnost?
'89
42 of 48
over how many informal groups + clubs holding emetings + adding voices to reform?
60,000
43 of 48
did glasnost result in support for gorby>
no
44 of 48
instead what?
criticism against party
45 of 48
much of it directed at who and why?
gorby for weakness in pursuing radical reform
46 of 48
many reofrmers in power unwilling to do what?
defend the party
47 of 48
no surprise some leading reformers decided to do what?
resign from party
48 of 48

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

under brezhnev grown to resemble what that competed against each other?

Back

power blocs of vested interest

Card 3

Front

rivalry wasteful and competition between different branches of admin led to hwat?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

trend coupled w/ issues of relations between central planning apparatus in moscow and what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

gorby recognised whole system needed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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