USSR ; est. 1-party state '17-'24 ; nature of gov under lenin

1 of 111
governing country size of russia would require what?
clear line of authority
2 of 111
whereby what could happen quickly and effectively?
decisions made and imposed
3 of 111
wha tthree organisations genuinely represented the proletariat?
soviets / trade unions / factory committees
4 of 111
what happened to them?
brought under B ctrl then sidelined
5 of 111
system devised on representative bodies that in theory stemmed from where?
All-Russian Congress of Soviets
6 of 111
and was hehaded by?
7 of 111
what was the sovnarkom?
council of the people's commissars
8 of 111
and took role of cabinet of what?
top government officials
9 of 111
who were in theory responsible for what?
making key decisions and giving government orders
10 of 111
how many members were there in total?
11 of 111
all elected by who?
central executive committee
12 of 111
small group that could do what?
make quick decisions
13 of 111
and met how often during civil war?
14 of 111
who elected the central executive committee?
congress of soviets
15 of 111
what was the size compared to sovnarkom?
16 of 111
what was it's task?
to oversee work of gov + its administration
17 of 111
what was all-russian congress of soviets?
supreme law making body of state
18 of 111
who issued laws?
19 of 111
but who had to approve them?
the congress
20 of 111
what type of body was this in theory?
highly representative body
21 of 111
made up of members elected by?
local soviets
22 of 111
which were all citizens engaged in?
'useful work'
23 of 111
below this structure what was there?
provincial and city soviets
24 of 111
made up of representatives from?
local soviets
25 of 111
what did these bodies conduct at local level?
admin of government
26 of 111
what body did bolsheviks have control over positions in?
27 of 111
and used this to do what in civil war?
issue orders merely rubber-stamped by CoS snf impodrf on country
28 of 111
29 of 111
by early 1920s where was it clear there was a real power shift to and from?
to party from apparatus of state
30 of 111
around how many politburo members were there?
31 of 111
who were chosen by?
party's central committee
32 of 111
to do what?
make key decisions effecting policy
33 of 111
what did it take over from that was larger when making important decisions?
central committee
34 of 111
central committee proved 2 large 2 b manageable
35 of 111
how often did the politburo meet under lenin?
36 of 111
and became more important than what government apparatus?
37 of 111
leading members included which 4 ppl (that weren't lenin(?
kamzino, trotsky, stalin
38 of 111
how many people were there aroundabout in the central committee?
39 of 111
chosen by who?
party congress
40 of 111
to do what?
represent its members
41 of 111
what was it supposed to do?
make key decisions on ploicy
42 of 111
but after 1919 where was ths power increasingly delegated?
43 of 111
the party congress was made up of what people?
representatives of local Party branches
44 of 111
what did it discuss?
general programme of the party
45 of 111
and there were fierce debates at which party congresses specifically?
9th and 10th (20/21)
46 of 111
what stifled this debate?
'on party unity' passed @ 10th in '21
47 of 111
and what subsequently declined?
role of congress in influencing party
48 of 111
how often did it meet under lenin from 1917?
49 of 111
and this pattern continued until what year?
50 of 111
what were below the level of congress?
local party branches
51 of 111
each headed by?
party secretary
52 of 111
where especially could these secretaries be v powerful?
in big cities or key provinces
53 of 111
who was the party head in petrograd?
54 of 111
and where was zinoviev the head?
55 of 111
what did party organisation mirror?
the state
56 of 111
yet what was it that controlled decision making?
party structure
57 of 111
and state became little more than?
organisation of administrators
58 of 111
increasing infrequency of which three things indicated decline fo state?
congress of soviets / central executive committee / sovnarkom
59 of 111
when leading bolsheviks were members of both politburo and sovnarkom which did they send deputies to?
60 of 111
another sign was decision to make secret police directly responsible to?
61 of 111
rather than?
62 of 111
in hwat year?
63 of 111
64 of 111
what did Bolsheviks claim about democratic centralism?
it was the principle their government was based upon
65 of 111
soviets were used as bodies that represented who at local level?
66 of 111
their wishes could be expressed through structure of?
representative organisations
67 of 111
that would take their issues to who?
decision-making bodies @ higher levels of government
68 of 111
decisions could then be made in whose interest?
'the people'
69 of 111
and then what happened for implementation?
passed down to regional and local level
70 of 111
principle was used as evidence for what?
highly democratic nature
71 of 111
but rlly wha thad been undermined as soon as bolsheviks took ctrl?
72 of 111
what did system of ruling by decree mean for them?
not involved in decision making
73 of 111
though soviets continued to exist what were they dominated by?
74 of 111
who ensured they were no longer responsive to what?
pressure from workers
75 of 111
who were local soviets firmly in the hands of?
local party bosses
76 of 111
what did this system turn representative bodies to instead?
rubber-stamping bodies
77 of 111
that simply carried out orders from where?
78 of 111
79 of 111
what was the most powerful body in the soviet gov?
80 of 111
followed by?
central executive committee
81 of 111
followed by
all-russian congress of soviets
82 of 111
and then in the communist party?
83 of 111
central committee
84 of 111
party congress
85 of 111
okay, so what is the other name for the sovnarkom?
council of people's commissars
86 of 111
it's officials were members of?
communist party
87 of 111
and they were elected by?
central executive committee
88 of 111
which co-ordinated what?
all gv administration
89 of 111
and oversaw law-making process on behalf of?
congress of soviets
90 of 111
in practice largely did what?
rubber-stamped sovnarkom decisions
91 of 111
elected by?
all-russian congress of soviets
92 of 111
which was?
supreme law making body of the state
93 of 111
what ahd to be passed by this body?
all laws
94 of 111
in practice became body that?
rubber stamped laws drawn up by party
95 of 111
by later 1920s wha did all members have to be?
communist party members
96 of 111
and were elected by who?
local soviets
97 of 111
and could do what?
raise issues they felt should be addressed
98 of 111
who made up the politburo?
inner grp party leaders
99 of 111
what happened to it' sdecisions?
passed on to sovnarkom for implementation
100 of 111
elected by?
central committee
101 of 111
what was this in theory?
key decision-making body in party
102 of 111
but what made it unwieldly?
103 of 111
of around how many members?
104 of 111
so what happened to this function?
exercised by politburo on its behlaf
105 of 111
elected by?
party congress
106 of 111
body made up of?
representatives of local party branches
107 of 111
what did it discuss?
general programme of the party
108 of 111
what limited discussion?
ban on factions in '21
109 of 111
who was appointments controlled by?
110 of 111
and what devised system?
111 of 111

Other cards in this set

Card 2


governing country size of russia would require what?


clear line of authority

Card 3


whereby what could happen quickly and effectively?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


wha tthree organisations genuinely represented the proletariat?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


what happened to them?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Russia - 19th and 20th century resources »