ussr ; economy ; khrushchev ; agriculture + VLS

what background was khrushchev from?
peasant
1 of 59
and recognised what about slow growth in food production?
it was holding up firther industry growth
2 of 59
and also keeping what unacceptable low?
living standards
3 of 59
who and where did he make genuine attempts to meet?
peasants on collectives
4 of 59
what did he consider himself to be?
agricultural expert
5 of 59
was this overstated?
yes
6 of 59
but what was he genuinely committed to?
raising priority of agriculture in soviet economy
7 of 59
which would address which stlain situation?
agriculture sacrificed for industry
8 of 59
to increase productivity khrushchev introduced measures that would do what?
win over peasants and stimulate initiative
9 of 59
in '55 what were individual collectives given greater power to do?
make decsions at local level
10 of 59
flexibility over what was allowed?
how directions from Ministry of Agriculture were implemented
11 of 59
what were abolished?
MTS
12 of 59
because peasants hated them and saw them as?
instruments of central and political interference
13 of 59
but what were they replaced wih?
system where each collective expected to buy own machinery
14 of 59
what did this turn out to be?
naive view
15 of 59
collectives increased in size, many becoming what?
large agro-industrial villages
16 of 59
also known as?
agrogoroda
17 of 59
that linked what two things?
food production with food processing
18 of 59
units made some sense in terms of creating what?
greater economies of scale
19 of 59
also enabled greater what to take place?
investment into agriculture
20 of 59
what three things was there a rapid increase in?
mechanisation / fertilisers / irrigation
21 of 59
were these larger farming units popular with peasants?
no (**** sake peasants ****ing compromise)
22 of 59
how did they feel?
more divorced from land they worked
23 of 59
prices for what increased?
state procurements
24 of 59
and what was system of compulsory food seizure replaced with?
planned state purchases
25 of 59
designed to encourage what?
greater productivity
26 of 59
greater concessions given to peasants as to how?
could iuse produce from private plots
27 of 59
now allowed to do what with such procuce?
sell @ private markets
28 of 59
concession to individualism encouraged peasants to do what?
grow more food
29 of 59
and played important role in ensuring what?
more regular food supplies for population
30 of 59
productivity often much higher where rather than collective fields?
private plots
31 of 59
private plots produced nearly all of which food?
eggs
32 of 59
what was the most famous of K's agricultural initiatives?
virgin land shceme
33 of 59
introduced in?
'54
34 of 59
encouraging opening up of new areas to?
agricultural production
35 of 59
volunteers often members of what group?
komsomol
36 of 59
put to work in areas such as?
siberia / kazakhstan
37 of 59
how many acres of land brought under cultivation?
6m
38 of 59
over how many tractors provided for scheme?
120,000
39 of 59
IMPACT ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
GYYUG
40 of 59
what did people in the politburo argue deserved preferential treatment?
military-industrial complex
41 of 59
what happened to income of farmers from '52-'58?
doubled
42 of 59
but still far below?
industrial workers
43 of 59
from '53-'58 food production increased by what %?
51%
44 of 59
seems impressive but why did productivity remain low
too many ppl involved in farming
45 of 59
what did some of khrushchev's policies start to be called?
'hare-brained schemes'
46 of 59
in '59 what target failed to be met?
grain production in kazakhstan
47 of 59
what was this the first sign was failing?
VLS
48 of 59
whatwas land only suitable for>
grazing bc dry
49 of 59
what change happened in 'maize mania'?
successful cash crops e.g cotton replaced by food crops
50 of 59
but why did plants die?
no irrigation
51 of 59
investment increased but not enough to do what?
remedy problems caused by underinvestment years
52 of 59
in what year was there a poor harvest?
'63
53 of 59
what two things didn't help areas cope with this?
poor roads / inadequate storage facilities
54 of 59
shortage from crop harvest had effect on supplies of what?
animal fodder
55 of 59
as a consequence what happened to millions of livestock?
slaughtered
56 of 59
what was the ultimate ULTIMATE worst case scenario sign of failure in these years (i promise you its really REALLY bad)?
they had to import grain from north america and australia (i know, how embarrasing)
57 of 59
what did khrushchev build up reuptation on?
agricultural success
58 of 59
therefore it's failure was a contributory factor to what?
dismissal in '64
59 of 59

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

and recognised what about slow growth in food production?

Back

it was holding up firther industry growth

Card 3

Front

and also keeping what unacceptable low?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

who and where did he make genuine attempts to meet?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what did he consider himself to be?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Russia - 19th and 20th century resources »