Using nutrients

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What foods are carbohydrates found in?
Bread, potatoes, cereal
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What foods are fats found in?
Cream, butter, milk, oil
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What foods are proteins found in?
Meat, fish, eggs
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What foods are vitamins found in?
vegetables, cereal
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What foods are minerals found in?
Meat, milk, cereal
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What foods are fibre found in?
Fruit, vegetables, cereal
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What are carbohydrates used for?
Energy
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What are fats used for?
A store of energy
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What are proteins used for?
Building and repairing cells
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What are vitamins used for?
Keeps things 'ticking over'
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What are minerals used for?
Strong teeth etc.
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What is fibre used for?
Keeps you going to the toilet
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What is water used for?
75% of the body is water
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What is a balanced diet?
Having all the food types in the correct amounts
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What does a balanced diet contain?
Carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins, minerals and fibre
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What is malnutrition?
You have too much or too little of the food types
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What are proteins and what are they made up of?
Long molecules made of chains of amino acids
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What happens when the protein breaks down in your gut?
The amino acids seperate
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How many different amino acids are there?
20
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What do cells join amino acids to make?
Cells join them in different combinations to make every protein they need
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What do cells use nutrients for?
Respiration and to build proteins
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What do proteins made by amino acids act as?
Structural compounds of tissues (such as muscles), Hormones (such as insulin), antibodies (part of the body's immune system) and biological catalysts (enzymes)
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What are the two different forms of carbohydrate?
There are starches with big molecules and sugars, like glucose with small molecules
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What happens to the glucose after it has been broken down from starch?
It doesnt need digesting, so it passes straight into your blood where cells use it for respiration
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Does starch digest slowly or quickly?
Slowly
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Where are spare glucose molecules stored?
In your muscles and liver until you need them
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What happens if the stores which hold the spare glucose molecules are full?
The rest is converted to fat
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What taste are we born with?
A taste for sweet, fatty foods
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What factor plays a big part in deciding what we eat?
Convienience
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What factors do shoppers subconciously think about when they are deciding what to buy?
What their families like, taste, value for money and conveinience
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What are families buying more of which are bad for your health?
Ready meals which contain large amounts of sugar, salt and saturated fat
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Card 2

Front

What foods are fats found in?

Back

Cream, butter, milk, oil

Card 3

Front

What foods are proteins found in?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What foods are vitamins found in?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What foods are minerals found in?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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