Using Carbon Fuels

Includes information on choosing fuels and combustion,

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What are the benefits of using coal as a fuel?
Coal has high energy value, good availability and is easy for power stations to store.
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What are the disadvantages of using coal?
Coal is bulky and makes mess so it cannot be stored easily. Coal costs a lot of money, prodoces acid fumes and leads to acid rain and releases carbon dioxide during combustion.
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Why is the amount of fossil fuels being burnt increasing?
The amount of fossil fuels being burnt is increasing with the population growth.
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What are governments mainly concerned about regarding the combustion of fossil fuels?
The fact that combustion of fossil fuels releases a lot of carbon dioxide.
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What is produced when hydrocarbon fuels are burned in plenty of air?
Carbon dioxide and water.
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When does complete combustion occur?
When fuel is burned in plenty of oxygen.
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When does incomplete combustion occur?
When a fuel burns in little or no oxygen.
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What are the products of incomplete combustion?
A toxic gas - carbon monoxide and water.
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What is the balanced symbol equation for complete combustion?
CH₄ + 2O₂ → CO₂ + 2H₂O
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What are the balanced symbol equations for incomplete combustion?
2CH₄ + 3O₂ → 2CO + 4H₂O OR CH₄ + O₂ → C + 2H₂O
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the disadvantages of using coal?

Back

Coal is bulky and makes mess so it cannot be stored easily. Coal costs a lot of money, prodoces acid fumes and leads to acid rain and releases carbon dioxide during combustion.

Card 3

Front

Why is the amount of fossil fuels being burnt increasing?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are governments mainly concerned about regarding the combustion of fossil fuels?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is produced when hydrocarbon fuels are burned in plenty of air?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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