Urbanisation - Theme 1

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Urbanisation is happening fastest in poorer countries,urbanisation = the growth in the proportion of a countrys population living in urban areas.
Where does it happen the fastest? What is Urbanisation
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Its happening in countries all over the world - more than 50% of the world population curently live in urban areas(3.4 billion people) and this is increasing every day,but urbanisation differs between richer and poorer countries
How many people live in urban areas? what does urbanisation do?
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Most of the population in richer countries alreadly live in urban areas e.g. more than 80% of the UK's population live in urban areas
what percentage of the UK's population already live in urban areas?
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Not many of the population in poorer countries currently live in urban areas,e.g. 25% of the population of Bangadesh live in urban areas
what percentage of the Bangladesh population live in urban areas?
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Most urbanisation thats happening in the world today is going on in poorer countries and its happening at a fast pace
where does urbanisation happen in the world today? is it happening fast or slow?
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Rural-urban migration = movement of people from the countryside to the cities,rural-urban migration causes urbanisation in rich and poor countries
What causes urbanisation? where is it caused?
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Reasons why people in poorer countries move from rural areas to cities: 1. more jobs in urban areas.Industrys is attracted to cities because there's a larger workforce and better infrastructure than in rural areas
A reason why people in poorer countries move from the rural areas to cities?
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Theres often a shortage of services in rural areas (e.g. education,access to water and power). Also,people from rural areas sometimes believe that the standard of living is better in citis.
A reason why people in poorer countries move from the rural areas to cities?
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In rural areas some people are subsistence farmers. this mean they grow food to feed their family and sell an extra to make a small income. Poor harvests and crop failures can mean they make no income and even risk starvation.
A reason why people in poorer countries move from the rural areas to cities?
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In the late 20th century,people left run down inner city areas and moved to the country. but people are now being encouraged back by the redevelopment of these areas
A reason why people in richer countries move from rural areas to cities?
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Most urbanisation in rich countries occurred during the industrial and the agricultral revolutions (18th& 19th c) - machinery began to replace farm labour in rural areas and jobs were created in factories in urban areas,people moved from farms 2 town
A reason why people in richer countries move from rural areas
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Normally young people move to cities to find work. these people have chiildren in the cities,which increases the proportion of the population living in urban areas.Also,better healthcare in urban areas means people live longer,increasing proportion
What gerenation moves to a city? why? what increase the proportion of the population living in urban areas?
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Infrastructure - the basic equipment and structures (such as roads and bridges) that are needed for a country, region, or organization to function properly
What does infrastructure mean?
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Cities are usually made up of four parts - each part has a different land use (e.g. housing or industrail). The land use of each part stay fairly similar from city to city,but it can differ a bit. four layers -CBD,the inner city,the suburbs and the
rural-urban fringe.
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Cities in richer countries all have the same kind of problems : 1.a shortage of good quality housing 2. Run down CBDs 3.Traffic congestion and pollution from cars 4.ethnic segregation
Name 4 problems that cities in richer countries have?
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Some richer countries (UK) have housing shortages in urban areas because the urban population has grown quickly
Why does richer countries have housing shortages in urban areas?
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Way of tackling shortages: New towns -brand new towns have been built to house the overspill population from existing towns and cities where there was a shortage of hosuing. Milton Keynes is a well known example of a new town.
A way to tackle shortages? an example of a new town?
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Way of tackling shortages: Relocation incentives -these are used to encourage people living in large concil houses (dont need a big house) to move out of urban areas. this frees up houses in urban areas for other people (working families).
A way to tackle shortages? Full explanation?
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The CBDs in some cities are run down. 1 reason for this is competition from out of town shopping centres and business parks,which have cheaper rent (so lure shops to move there) and are easier to drive to. but steps are being taken to revitalise some
CBDs and attract people back to them. Revitalize - make something healthly,active. For example:
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Improving access with better public transport link and better car parking.
A way to revitalise some CBDs and attract people back to them?
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Improving public areas,e.g. parks and sqaures,to make them more attractive
A way to revitalise some CBDs and attract people back to them?
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Predestrainising areas (stopping car access) to make them safer and nicer for shoppers
A way to revitalise some CBDs and attract people back to them?
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Inital goverment investment encourages business to returnattracting more customers,which attarcts more businesses and so on. the london docklands development is a good example of this
what does inital goverment investment do? an example?
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Card 2

Front

Its happening in countries all over the world - more than 50% of the world population curently live in urban areas(3.4 billion people) and this is increasing every day,but urbanisation differs between richer and poorer countries

Back

How many people live in urban areas? what does urbanisation do?

Card 3

Front

Most of the population in richer countries alreadly live in urban areas e.g. more than 80% of the UK's population live in urban areas

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Not many of the population in poorer countries currently live in urban areas,e.g. 25% of the population of Bangadesh live in urban areas

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Most urbanisation thats happening in the world today is going on in poorer countries and its happening at a fast pace

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Preview of the front of card 5
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