Urbanisation

What is urbanisation?
Urbanisation is an increase in the amount of people living in urban areas
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Where is urbanisation happening?
Urbanisation is happening all over the world, however LICs and NEEs rates are much higher than HICs due to the rapid economic growth they are experiencing
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What is 'rural-urban migration'?
The movement of people from rural to urban areas
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Causes of urbanisation - push factors
Natural disasters, war and conflict, mechanisation, drought, lack of employment
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Causes of urbanisation - pull factors
More jobs, better education and healthcare, increased quality of life, following familt members
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What is 'natural increase'?
When the birth rate exceeds the death rate
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What increases birth rate?
Lack of contraception or education about familt planning and high percentages of people are at child-bearing age which leads to high fertility rate
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What lowers death rate?
Higher life expectancy due to better living conditions and diet and improved medical facilities helps lower infant mortality rate
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What is a megacity?
An urban area with over 10 million people living there
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Where are megacities located?
More than two thirds of megacities are located in LICs (Brazil) and LICs (Nigeria)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Where is urbanisation happening?

Back

Urbanisation is happening all over the world, however LICs and NEEs rates are much higher than HICs due to the rapid economic growth they are experiencing

Card 3

Front

What is 'rural-urban migration'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Causes of urbanisation - push factors

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Causes of urbanisation - pull factors

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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