Urbanisation and Mumbai

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  • Created by: grace1245
  • Created on: 18-04-18 19:19
Where is urbanisation mainly happening ?
LICs and NEEs. No longer HICs.
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What push factors affect the rate of urbanisation?
Flooding, Crop failure, drought, civil war, lack of safety/high crime rate, lack of services, poverty, mechanisation of farming.
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What pull factors affect the rate of urbanisation?
Lower risk from natural hazards, more wealth, better services and infrastructure, climate, lower crime rate, higher employment and political stability.
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What is a mega city?
10 million or more people living there. 1950 - New York and Tokyo. 2015 - around 35.
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What are some effects of urbanisation?
Urban sprawl ( Mexico City - 50km end to end), increased pop., job opportunities, pressure on resources, and pollution.
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Where is Mumbai?
India, formed from 7 fishing islands.
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Why is Mumbai important internationally?
many TNC headquarters (Volkswagen, Walt Disney, Citigroup, GSK etc), Bollywood (biggest industry in Asia).
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Why is Mumbai important nationally?
Transport hub, main Indian stock market, in 2014 it was the most globalised city in SE Asia, highest access to water in any Indian city.
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What does Mumbai account for within India?
40% of foreign trade, 25% of industry production, 60% of all Indias sea trade. GDP of 6%.
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What's the population of India like?
62% live in slums. 1971- 2011 200% increase, 1991 - 2011 8.42 million increase with a natural increase of 3.37million and a net migration of 5.05 million.
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What are the social opportunities of Mumbai?
high literacy rates (89.7%) even in slums (69%). Most have electricity and water. Good education with over 1,000 primary and secondary schools and being free up to certain ages and a world renowned uni.
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What are the social disadvantages of Mumbai?
high crime rate ( nearly 1/3 of pop. victims of crime), lack of space (disease spread, overcrowding, rubbish) high pop. density, water shortages (2 hours a day at 5.30 am).
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What are the economic advantages of Mumbai?
financial capital of India, areas of wealth ( one 28 story building worth £2 billion), factory employment, many TNCs based here.
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Economic disadvantages?
underemployment, lack of space (businesses and industries limited), congestion ( hard to transfer goods around the city), 430cars per km of road compared to Delhi of 93 cars per km of road.
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Environmental advantages?
fishing, location
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Environmental disadvantages?
flooding, built land on sea level. e.g. 29 August 2017 14 dead with 468mm of rainfall in 12 hours. Waste, water pollution, traffic congestion pollution.
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Card 2

Front

What push factors affect the rate of urbanisation?

Back

Flooding, Crop failure, drought, civil war, lack of safety/high crime rate, lack of services, poverty, mechanisation of farming.

Card 3

Front

What pull factors affect the rate of urbanisation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a mega city?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are some effects of urbanisation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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