Upbringing Studies

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What is the aim of Farrington's study?
Document offending behaviour from childhood to adulthood. Investigate the influence of life events.
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Explain the method used by Farrington.
Longitudinal interviews from age 8/9 till 48.
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Describe the sample used by Farrington.
411 boys 8/9 interviewed from 6 schools in London , working class from 397 families. Last interviewed at 48 - only 365 of them.
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Explain the results from Farrington's study.
161/404 had convictions. 7% accounted for half of all offences - had problem families.
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Key concept of Farringtons study.
problem families = problem children
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What's the aim of Bandura's study?
See if children imitate modelled aggression. Investigate sex differences based on the social learning theory.
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Explain the method used by Bandura.
1. witness behavoiur, 2. mild aggression arousal, 3. observation of
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Explain the sample used by Bandura.
72 boys & girls, mean age of 4.4, children were pre-matched on aggression
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Explain the results found by Bandura.
boys are more physically aggressive, girls are more verbally aggressive, boys are more likely to imitate a same sex model.
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Bandura key concept.
Social Learning Theory
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What is the aim of Wikstrom & Tafel's study?
To investigate why young people offend.
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Explain the method used by Wikstrom & Tafel.
Data was collected from official records and students were interviewed.
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Describe the sample used by Wikstrom & Tafel.
A cross-sectional study on nearly 2000 year 10 students.
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Explain the results found by Wikstrom & Tafel.
Offenders fell into one of 3 catagories. Propensity induced (low family bonds, bad schooling) Lifestyle dependent (the people they hang around) Situationally limited (they'll only do it if the oppotunity arises)
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Wikstrom & Tafel key concept.
Young offenders
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Card 2

Front

Explain the method used by Farrington.

Back

Longitudinal interviews from age 8/9 till 48.

Card 3

Front

Describe the sample used by Farrington.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Explain the results from Farrington's study.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Key concept of Farringtons study.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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