Uniting Christendom – Papal Supremacy and the Crusades

Why did Urban II really launch the first crusade?
Because he was trying to take Jerusalem
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In what year, and with how many men, did they take Jerusalem?
1099, 12,000
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What pushed the Muslims to respond to the crusade in 1144 when they attacked Edessa (a crusader state)?
Christendom was expanding as they were converting the newly acquired crusader states to Christianity
3 of 11
After conquering Muslim Spain in the Second Crusade, what was the main reason for things turning sour for the Christians?
They tried to take Jerusalem again but failed this time
4 of 11
How did Thomas Becket become a martyr against Henry II’s rule and of the church?
He resisted Henry II's Constitutions of Clarendon ( a set of legislative procedures that attempted to restrict the ecclesiastical privileges and curb the power of the Church courts and the papal authority in England)
5 of 11
What was the significance of the the Fourth Lateran Council held by the new Pope, Innocent III?
Nearly all the church leaders were together under one roof which allowed Innocent III to press his reforms which would bring people closer to the church, entwining them more with the doctrines of the church
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Where can we find many examples of the Cathars?
Southern France
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What happened to the Cathars?
Some ran away, some were killed and some were sent to prison
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What was the Cathars' main belief?
That there was a good god and a bad god and everything on Earth was created by the bad god
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Why did the Venetians organise a series of detours for the crusaders during the fourth crusade after building them a special fleet?
Because a deal had been made previously stating that the crusaders needed to pay them 85,000 marks, but in the end the crusaders only had 36,000 marks
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What did Alexis IV do after the crusaders during the fourth crusade successfully restored him to his throne in Constantinople?
He refused to give the crusaders the money he had promised leading them to attack Constantinople again
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

In what year, and with how many men, did they take Jerusalem?

Back

1099, 12,000

Card 3

Front

What pushed the Muslims to respond to the crusade in 1144 when they attacked Edessa (a crusader state)?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

After conquering Muslim Spain in the Second Crusade, what was the main reason for things turning sour for the Christians?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did Thomas Becket become a martyr against Henry II’s rule and of the church?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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