Unit two theorists

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  • Created by: Dan
  • Created on: 04-06-13 19:19
Kiecolt-Glaser (immune system)
T-cell lymphocyte activity before and during exams
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Cohen (immune system)
couples reporting relationship conflict lasting more than one month at great risk of developing illness when exposed to an infectious agent
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Mayne (immune system)
Women show greater immune-system suppression following marital conflict than men
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Kiecolt-Glaser & Newton (immune system)
Men at greater risk of mortality following death of a spouse
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Cohen (immune system)
participants exposed to common cold, infection highly correlated with stress index score
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Holmes & Rahe (Life changes)
The Social Readjustment Scale (SRRS)
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Rahe (Life changes)
US sailors recorded SRRS score, slight positive correlation with their illness scores
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Stone (Life changes)
number of undesirable events increased prior to illness as well as desirable events decreasing
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Gervais (Daily hassles)
uplifts counter-acted negative effects of daily hassles
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Kanner (Daily hassles)
The Hassles scale & Uplifts scale
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Ruffin (Daily hassles)
daily hassles have more adverse effects on health than major negative life events
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Halpern (stress in the workplace)
increased temperature can lead to stress in the workplace
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Evans (stress in the workplace)
exposure to intense noise can lead to stress in the workplace
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Marmot (stress in the workplace)
negative correlation between job control and illness
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Johansson (stress in the workplace)
Finishers in sawmill, compared to control group of cleaners
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Williams (personality factors)
certain aspects of Type A behaviour worse than others- hostility & impatience
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Friedman & Rosenman (personality factors)
257 men in sample developed CHD, of which 70% were Type A
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Kobasa (personality factors)
Hardiness- control, commitment, challenge
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Penley (Emotion-focused & Problem-focused coping)
Emotion focused = bad health, Problem focused = good health
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Fang (Emotion-focused & Problem-focused coping)
not always the case, e.g. women diagnosed with ovarian cancer
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Baker & Berenbaum (Emotion-focused & Problem-focused coping)
best to use emotion-focused THEN problem-focused, especially men
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Rosario (Emotion-focused & Problem-focused coping)
Men tend to use Problem-focused, Women Emotion-focused, however in same social roles they are the same
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Meichenbaum (Cognitive behavioural therapy)
Stress Inoculation Training (SIT)
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Kobasa (Cognitive behavioural therapy)
Hardiness training
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Kelman (Conformity)
3 types of conformity- Compliance, Identification & Internalization
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Asch (Conformity)
Unambiguous line task
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Crutchfield (Conformity)
Booths, no face-to-face conduct
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Nicholson (Conformity)
no significant differences in conformity levels between US and British students
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Milgram (Obedience)
65% went all the way to 450v
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Hofling (Obedience)
nurses received an unanimous phone call from doctor, 21 out of 22 administered drug when told to
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Rank & Jacobson (Obedience)
replicated Hofling's study with drugs nurses had knowledge of- 2 out of 18 administered the drugs
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Bickman (Obedience)
visible signs of authority, such as uniforms, increased obedience levels
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Snyder & Fromkin (Independent behaviour)
led students to believe their most important attitudes were different to those of 10,000 other students etc.
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Daubman (Independent behaviour)
participants tested on 'Desirability of control scale' and given a puzzle to solve
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Rotter (Independent behaviour)
Locus of control
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Blass (Independent behaviour)
Those with high internal locus of control were more resistant to pressures to obey
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Sistrunk & McDavid (Independent behaviour)
females conformed more on masculine items, males conformed more on feminine items etc.
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Moscovici (Independent behaviour)
Minorities must possess consistency & not be dogmatic to exert social influence
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Pavlov (Behavioural approach)
Classical conditioning
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Watson & Raynor (Behavioural approach)
'Little Albert'
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Skinner (Behavioural approach)
Operant conditioning
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Mineka (Behavioural approach)
Social learning on monkeys
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Ellis (Cognitive approach)
Irrational thinking
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Beck (Cognitive approach)
Cognitions that lead to depression in particular: errors in logic, cognitive triad
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Freud (Psychological therapies)
Psychoanalysis
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Fava (Cognitive behavioural therapies)
Drug therapy followed by CBT
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Card 2

Front

couples reporting relationship conflict lasting more than one month at great risk of developing illness when exposed to an infectious agent

Back

Cohen (immune system)

Card 3

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Women show greater immune-system suppression following marital conflict than men

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Men at greater risk of mortality following death of a spouse

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

participants exposed to common cold, infection highly correlated with stress index score

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