Unit 7: Meeting Individual Needs

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The Children's Act (2004)
In 1989, this Act provided a framework for the care and protection of children up until their 18th birthday. In 2004 the act was updated, highlighting that all organisations working with children have a duty to help safeguard the welfare of children.
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The Mental Health Act (2007)
Many changes were made to this act from 1983. Some of these include 5 new guiding principles, the difference between it and the mental capacity act and new chapters on care planning.
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Disability Discrimination Act (1995)
Replaced now by the Equality Act (2010), this act aims to prevent discrimination that is direct and indirect, in the access to goods, education, transport, employment and management of property.
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Human Rights Act (1998)
This act protects us all, reinforcing our individual rights, including the right to life, prohibition of torture and inhuman treatment, the right to liberty and freedom, and freedom of thought, religion and belief.
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NHS and Community Care Act (1990)
This act introduced changes that altered the structure and practice of health and social care services.
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Private Sector
• Run to make a profit • Available to those willing to pay (E.g Bupa)
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Statutory Sector
• Funded by the government • People have a legal right to access • Free to those eligible (E.g NHS)
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Voluntary Sector
• Very low cost • Non-Profitable • Funded through grants and donations (E.g British Heart Foundation)
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Informal Sector
• Provided by family and friends (E.g Parents providing care and support)
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Primary Care
First contact in the community (E.g GP, dentist, pharmacist)
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Secondary Care
A place to be referred to (E.g CAMHS)
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Tertiary Care
Community settings for those with terminal needs (E.g Hospice care)
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Care Planning
Referral → Assesment → Care Planning → Implementation → Monitoring → Review/Evaluation
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Identifying Needs
Assessment at home or in a hospital through observing a series of practical tasks.
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Monitoring
Checking that the individual is provided the correct care, through home visits, letters, questionnaires and recordings of complaints.
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Reviewing
A discussion of how effective the the care plan is takes place within the first 6 weeks and at least once a year. This meeting involves the multi-disciplinary team and family of the individual.
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Benefits of Care Planning
• All care is considered and personal • There is better coordination and community of care • Independence and empowerment is promoted • Waiting times are reduced • Treatments are discussed between multi-disciplinary team gaining many opinions
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Normalisation
Care that allows people to lead an ordinary life, not isolating nor excluding people from access to care.
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Empowerment
Promoting the rights and independence of the most vulnerable and marginalised people in society.
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Advocacy
An individual who speaks to a service user about what they want and need, aiding them to make choice through explaining. They often accompany the service user to meetings with staff, gaining information that the service user may need.
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Networking
The communication between a variety of different care organisations.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Many changes were made to this act from 1983. Some of these include 5 new guiding principles, the difference between it and the mental capacity act and new chapters on care planning.

Back

The Mental Health Act (2007)

Card 3

Front

Replaced now by the Equality Act (2010), this act aims to prevent discrimination that is direct and indirect, in the access to goods, education, transport, employment and management of property.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

This act protects us all, reinforcing our individual rights, including the right to life, prohibition of torture and inhuman treatment, the right to liberty and freedom, and freedom of thought, religion and belief.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

This act introduced changes that altered the structure and practice of health and social care services.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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