Unit 3 geography keywords 2013

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  • Created by: Ettie
  • Created on: 16-06-13 10:51
Plateau
An area of flat, high land
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Transnational companies (TNCs)
Large international companies
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Cash crops
Crops sold for export
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Exports
Goods that are sold
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Fertile
Good soil that is rich in nutrients
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Human Development Index (HDI)
Measures the development of a country on a scale of 0 to 1
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Rate of natural increase
Shows the rate of growth of a country's population and is measured using birth rate minus death rate
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GDP per capita
Approximate value of goods produced per person in the country. It's equal to a country's GDP divided by its population.
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Imports
Goods and services brought in from another country
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HIV-positive
Someone who has HIV
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HIV-AIDS
A virus that attacks the body's immune system and depletes the sufferers energy
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Isolated
A place that is separated from the surrounding areas
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Subsistence farmers
People that grow crops for themselves and their family with little surplus crops or income
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Smallholdings
A piece of land rented or sold to a farmer
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Investment
The purchase of goods that are used in the future to create wealth
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Extended family
Includes relatives that are not closely related to you, such as cousins
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Low productivity
Produce a small amount of crops
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Cycle of poverty
Subsistence farming means that there is little produce and little surplus income. So, farmers cannot afford to invest in machinery or fertilisers to increase their productivity.
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Inputs
Resources are put into a system to obtain a desired outcome
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Artificial fertiliser
Fertilisers made through chemical processes. They nurture the soil.
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Pesticide
Poison used to kill harmful insects or weeds
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Surplus
Extra
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Literacy rate
Percentage of people in a country who can read and write
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Gender inequalities
Unequal treatment of men/women in a place
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Manual labour
Manual (heavy) work
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Domestic work
Work in the home
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Dowry
The money/goods that the bride's family gives to her husband when they are married
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Maternal mortality rate
Amount of mothers that die during labour
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Malnutrition
A person hasn't got enough nutrients
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Pit latrines
A hole in the ground with a pit underneath that is used as a toilet
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Deforestation
Cutting down trees
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Biodiversity
The variety of plants and animals in an area
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Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
Aims created by the UN in 2000 to improve life in developing countries
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Solar-power
Powered by the Sun
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Hydro-electricity
Electricity is generated by water turning a turbine
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Large international companies

Back

Transnational companies (TNCs)

Card 3

Front

Crops sold for export

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Goods that are sold

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Good soil that is rich in nutrients

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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