HideShow resource information
  • Created by: sydneyks
  • Created on: 26-05-15 14:04
Saturated hydrocarbon
hydrocarbon with single bonds only
1 of 60
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
hydrocarbon containing carbon-to-carbon multiple bonds
2 of 60
Aliphatic Hydrocarbon
straight or branched chain hydrocarbons
3 of 60
Alicyclic Hydrocarbon
ring structure hydrocarbon
4 of 60
Functional Group
part of the organic molecule responsible for its chemical reactions
5 of 60
Homologous Series
Series of organic compounds with the same functional group but with each successive member differeing by CH2
6 of 60
homologous series with general formular CnH2n+2
7 of 60
Alkyl Group
alkane with a hydrogen atom removed like CH3
8 of 60
Structural Formula
shows the minimal detail for the arrangement of atoms in a molecule
9 of 60
Structural Isomers
Molecules with the same molecular formula but with different structural arrangements of atoms
10 of 60
Compounds with teh same structural formula, but with a different arrangement of the atoms in space (E/Z isomerism)
11 of 60
Homolytic Fission
breaking of a covalent bond, with one of the bonded electrons going to each atom, forming two radicals.
12 of 60
species with an unpaired electron
13 of 60
Heterolytic Fission
breaking of a covalent bond with both the bonded electrons going to one of the atoms (forms cation + and anaion-)
14 of 60
electron pair donnor - attracted to electron dificient centre
15 of 60
electron pair acceptor - attracted to electron rich centre
16 of 60
Addition Reaction
reactant is added to an unsaturated molecule to make a saturated molecule
17 of 60
Substitution Reaction
atom/group is replaced with a different atom or group of atoms
18 of 60
Elimination Reaction
removal of a molecule from a saturated molecule to make an unsaturated molecule
19 of 60
Fractional Distillation
seperation of components in a liquid mixture into fractions which differe in boiling points by means of distillation
20 of 60
breaking down long chained alkanes to form shorter more useful alkanes and alkenes
21 of 60
substance that increase the rate of reaction witout being used in the process
22 of 60
Radical Substitution
type of substitution reaction in which a radical replaces an atom
23 of 60
steps showing the path taken by electrons in a reaction
24 of 60
first step in radical substitution, where radicals are formed by UV radiation
25 of 60
two repeated steps in radical substition that build up the products in a chain reaction
26 of 60
step at the end of radical substitution when two radicals combine to form a molecule
27 of 60
Pi - Bond
the reactive part of a double bond formed above and below the plane of the bonded atoms by sideways overlap of p-orbitals
28 of 60
Electrophilic Addition
type of addition reaction with electrophiles forming new covalent bonds
29 of 60
organic ion in which a carbon atom has a positive charge
30 of 60
Curly Arrow
symbol to show the movement of an electron pair in the breaking and forming of a covalent bond
31 of 60
long molecular chain built up of monomer units
32 of 60
small molecule that combines with many other monomers to form polymers
33 of 60
Biodegradable Material
material that is broken down naturally in the environment by living organisms
34 of 60
the ease that a liquid turns into a gas
35 of 60
continual boiling and condensing of a reaction mixture to ensure that the reaction takes place without the contents of the flask boiling dry
36 of 60
alcohol and carboxylic acid reaction
37 of 60
elimination reaction where water is removed
38 of 60
reaction with water or aqueous hydroxide ions, breaking chemical compounds into two
39 of 60
Nucleophilic Substitution
Substitution reaction where the nucleophile is attracted to the electron dificient centre
40 of 60
Atom Economy
(molecular mass of desired product / sum of molecular masses of all products) x 100
41 of 60
Molecular Ion
positive ion formed in mass spectrometry when a molecule loses and electron
42 of 60
heat content that is stored in a chemical system
43 of 60
enthalpy of products is small than enthalpy of reactants, resulting in heat loss to surroundings
44 of 60
enthalpy of reactants is less than enthalpy of products, resulting in heat absorbtion from surroundings
45 of 60
Activaion Energy
minimum energy required to start a reaction by breaking bonds
46 of 60
Standard Conditions
100kPa , 298K , 1 moldm3 Concentration
47 of 60
Standard enthalpy change of reaction
enthalpy change that accompanies a reaction in the molar quantities expressed in a chemical equation under standard conditions in species standard states
48 of 60
Standard enthalpy change of combustion
energy change when 1 mole of substance reacts completely with oxygen under standard conditions in species standard states
49 of 60
Standard enthalpy change of formation
energy change when one mole of compound is formed from its elements under standard conditions in species standard states
50 of 60
Specific Heat Capacity
energy required to raise the temperature of 1g of substance by 1 degrees centigrade
51 of 60
Bond Enthalpy
enthalpy change that takes place when breaking by homolytic fission 1 mol of a given bond in the molecules of gaseous species
52 of 60
Hess's Law
If a raction can take place by more than one route and the initial and final conditions are the same, the total enthalpy change is the same for each route
53 of 60
Homogenous Catalysis
catalyst and reactants are in the same phsical state
54 of 60
Hetrogenous Catalysis
catalyst and reactants have different physical states
55 of 60
Dynamic Equilibrium
equilibrium in a closed system when the rate of the forward reaction equals the rate of the reverse
56 of 60
Le Chateliers Principle
when a system in dynamic equilibrium is subjected to a change, the position of equilibrium will shift to minimise the change
57 of 60
The Greenhouse effect
process in which the absorption and subsequent emission of IR by atomospheric gases warm the lower atomosphere and the planets surface
58 of 60
process that occurs when a gas, liquid or solute is held to the surface of a solid, or liquid
59 of 60
the developement of processes that prevent the depletion of natural resources
60 of 60

Other cards in this set

Card 2


hydrocarbon containing carbon-to-carbon multiple bonds


Unsaturated hydrocarbon

Card 3


straight or branched chain hydrocarbons


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


ring structure hydrocarbon


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


part of the organic molecule responsible for its chemical reactions


Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Chemistry resources:

See all Chemistry resources »See all ALL resources »