Unit 1 module 1

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  • Created by: Sarah
  • Created on: 13-12-13 18:19
Arenes
Hydrocarbons that contain 1+ benzene ring
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Delocalised electrons
Electrons that are shared between one or more electrons
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Addition reaction
A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated molecule to make a saturated molecule.
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Substitution reaction
A reaction in which an atom or group of atoms is replaced by a different atom or group of atoms
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Electrophile
An atom or group of atoms that is attracted to an electron rich centre where it accepts a pair of electrons and forms a new covalent bond
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Electrophilic substitution
a type of substitution reaction in which an electrophile is attracted to an electron rich centre of atom, where it accepts a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond
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Reaction mechanism
a series of steps that together make up the overall reaction
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Reflux
the continual boiling and condensing of a reaction mixture to ensure the reaction takes place without the contents of the flask boiling dry
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Nucleophile
A atom or group of atoms attracted to an electron-dificient centre where it donates a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond
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Esterification
The reaction of an alcohol with a carboxlyic acid to produce an ester and water
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Hydrolysis
A reaction with water of hydroxide ions that breaks a compound into two compounds
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Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
Responsible for carrying cholesterol and triglycerides from the liver to tissues
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High-density lipoproteins (HDL)
Can remove cholesterol from the arteries and transport it back to the liver for excretion or re-utilisation
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Electrons that are shared between one or more electrons

Back

Delocalised electrons

Card 3

Front

A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated molecule to make a saturated molecule.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A reaction in which an atom or group of atoms is replaced by a different atom or group of atoms

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

An atom or group of atoms that is attracted to an electron rich centre where it accepts a pair of electrons and forms a new covalent bond

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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