Unit 1 Cognitive Psychology

EWT, The cognitive interview, memory improvement, models of memory, duration, capacity, encoding

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What is capacity?
A measure of how much can be held in memory
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What is duration?
A measure of how long a memory lasts before avaliable
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What is Encoding?
The way information is changed so it can be stored in memory.
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What is not a definition of LTM?
Sometimes reffered to as working memory.
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What is not a definition of STM?
Memory for events that have happened in the past.
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What is not a definition of chunking?
Method of encoding depends on the sense of the organ involved.
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What is the Multi -store model of memory?
An explanation of memory based on 3 memory stores on how information is transferred between these stores
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The working memory model contains 4 key elements what are they?
Central Executive, Episodic buffer, Phonological loop and Visuo-spatial sketchpad.
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What doesnt effect EWT?
Height
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Who researched the Duration of STM?
Peterson and Peterson 1959
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Who proposed the Working Memory Model?
Baddeley and Hitch 1974
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Who proposed the Multi-store Model of memory?
Atkinson and Shiffrin 1968
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What did Loftus and Palmer research in 1974?
The effect of misleading information on EWT.
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Which pyschologist researched into STM and LTM in 1966?
Baddeley
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Who researched the effect of anxiety on EWT.
Christianson and Hubinette
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Who didnt research into the effect of age on EWT.
Deffenbacher et al
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What is not a definition of the cognitive interview?
An interview that lacks the four Cl components
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What is not one of the 4 components composed by Fisher and Gieselman 1992 for the cognitive interview?
Changing the original context
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Who did research into evidence to support Fisher and Gieselman's cognitive interview?
Yarney
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What isnt an evaluation of the cognitive interview?
Other interview techniques are more supported by psychologists.
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What is not an example of verbal techniques as a type of memory improvement?
mindmaps
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What is not an example of visual techniques as a type of memory improvement?
chunking
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The role of organisation was researched by Bower et al it was a...?
lab experiment
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The role of elaborative rehearsal was researched by Bower et al it was a...?
lab experiment
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What is a mindmap?
When the main topic is placed in the centre and then branching links are made producing a visual appearance.
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What is an acrostic?
When a sentence is used to help you make an order of things.
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What is the keyword method?
Used when associating pieces of information, e.g. learning a new language. The new word is broken into components with images created for each components that link to the English meeting.
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What is this "Learner associates material to be learned with different locations in a house, along a road, ect. then the learner mentally retraces their steps to recall the items"?
Method of Loci
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The dual coding hypothesis was composed by
Pavio
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Card 2

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What is duration?

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A measure of how long a memory lasts before avaliable

Card 3

Front

What is Encoding?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What is not a definition of LTM?

Back

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Card 5

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What is not a definition of STM?

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